A contribution to late Middle Paleolithic chronology of the Levant: New luminescence ages for the Atlit Railway Bridge site, Coastal Plain, Israel

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2018Researchpeer-review

Standard

A contribution to late Middle Paleolithic chronology of the Levant: New luminescence ages for the Atlit Railway Bridge site, Coastal Plain, Israel. / Porat, N. ; Jain, Mayank; Ronen, A.; Horwitz, L.K.

In: Quaternary International, Vol. 464, No. Part A, 2018, p. 32-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2018Researchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{24b9c2b42c92412193948ce13110bd67,
title = "A contribution to late Middle Paleolithic chronology of the Levant: New luminescence ages for the Atlit Railway Bridge site, Coastal Plain, Israel",
abstract = "The Atlit Railway Bridge (ARB) prehistoric site is located on the northern coastal plain of Israel, within natural caves which formed in calcareous aeolianites (kurkar), perhaps during a high sea-stand. Flint artifacts belonging to the Levantine later Mousterian tradition and faunal remains were found embedded in the kurkar infill of two caves. The aeolianites in which the caves had developed were previously constrained by IRSL50 dating of feldspars to be older than the last interglacial highest sea-stand (Frechen M. et al., 2004; Chronology of Pleistocene sedimentary cycles in the Carmel Coastal Plain of Israel. Quaternary International 121, 1e52), providing a maximum age for the artifacts.Samples for luminescence dating were collected from the infill of the two caves (II and III), from the same deposits as the archaeological finds. Both quartz and alkali feldspars (KF) were extracted and measured using four different luminescence signals: optically stimulated luminescence (blue OSL) and violet stimulated luminescence (VSL) on quartz; and the infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) post-IR-IR290 signal and the IR50 signal corrected for anomalous fading on KF.The ages obtained from analyses of the different minerals and signals mostly agree within errors. The new luminescence ages date the sediment infill in Caves III and II to ~90 ka and ~70 ka, respectively, indicating that hominin occupation of this locality is coeval with the nearby Skhul Cave and Layer B in Tabun Cave.",
keywords = "Blue OSL, VSL , IRLS, MIS 5, Beachrock, Eastern Mediterranean coast, Mousterian",
author = "N. Porat and Mayank Jain and A. Ronen and L.K. Horwitz",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.quaint.2017.06.017",
language = "English",
volume = "464",
pages = "32--42",
journal = "Quaternary International",
issn = "1040-6182",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "Part A",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A contribution to late Middle Paleolithic chronology of the Levant: New luminescence ages for the Atlit Railway Bridge site, Coastal Plain, Israel

AU - Porat, N.

AU - Jain, Mayank

AU - Ronen, A.

AU - Horwitz, L.K.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The Atlit Railway Bridge (ARB) prehistoric site is located on the northern coastal plain of Israel, within natural caves which formed in calcareous aeolianites (kurkar), perhaps during a high sea-stand. Flint artifacts belonging to the Levantine later Mousterian tradition and faunal remains were found embedded in the kurkar infill of two caves. The aeolianites in which the caves had developed were previously constrained by IRSL50 dating of feldspars to be older than the last interglacial highest sea-stand (Frechen M. et al., 2004; Chronology of Pleistocene sedimentary cycles in the Carmel Coastal Plain of Israel. Quaternary International 121, 1e52), providing a maximum age for the artifacts.Samples for luminescence dating were collected from the infill of the two caves (II and III), from the same deposits as the archaeological finds. Both quartz and alkali feldspars (KF) were extracted and measured using four different luminescence signals: optically stimulated luminescence (blue OSL) and violet stimulated luminescence (VSL) on quartz; and the infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) post-IR-IR290 signal and the IR50 signal corrected for anomalous fading on KF.The ages obtained from analyses of the different minerals and signals mostly agree within errors. The new luminescence ages date the sediment infill in Caves III and II to ~90 ka and ~70 ka, respectively, indicating that hominin occupation of this locality is coeval with the nearby Skhul Cave and Layer B in Tabun Cave.

AB - The Atlit Railway Bridge (ARB) prehistoric site is located on the northern coastal plain of Israel, within natural caves which formed in calcareous aeolianites (kurkar), perhaps during a high sea-stand. Flint artifacts belonging to the Levantine later Mousterian tradition and faunal remains were found embedded in the kurkar infill of two caves. The aeolianites in which the caves had developed were previously constrained by IRSL50 dating of feldspars to be older than the last interglacial highest sea-stand (Frechen M. et al., 2004; Chronology of Pleistocene sedimentary cycles in the Carmel Coastal Plain of Israel. Quaternary International 121, 1e52), providing a maximum age for the artifacts.Samples for luminescence dating were collected from the infill of the two caves (II and III), from the same deposits as the archaeological finds. Both quartz and alkali feldspars (KF) were extracted and measured using four different luminescence signals: optically stimulated luminescence (blue OSL) and violet stimulated luminescence (VSL) on quartz; and the infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) post-IR-IR290 signal and the IR50 signal corrected for anomalous fading on KF.The ages obtained from analyses of the different minerals and signals mostly agree within errors. The new luminescence ages date the sediment infill in Caves III and II to ~90 ka and ~70 ka, respectively, indicating that hominin occupation of this locality is coeval with the nearby Skhul Cave and Layer B in Tabun Cave.

KW - Blue OSL

KW - VSL

KW - IRLS

KW - MIS 5

KW - Beachrock

KW - Eastern Mediterranean coast

KW - Mousterian

U2 - 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.06.017

DO - 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.06.017

M3 - Journal article

VL - 464

SP - 32

EP - 42

JO - Quaternary International

JF - Quaternary International

SN - 1040-6182

IS - Part A

ER -