A consistent framework for modeling inorganic pesticides: Adaptation of life cycle inventory models to metal-base pesticides

N.A. Peña, A. Anton, Peter Fantke

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    Abstract

    Quantifying over the life cycle of a product or service the chemical emissions to the environment in the life cycle inventory (LCI) phase is typically based on generic assumptions. Regarding the LCI application to agricultural systems the estimation of pesticide emissions is often based on standard emission
    factors (percentages) or dynamic models base on specific application scenarios that describe only the behavior of organic pesticides. Currently fixed emission fractions for pesticides dearth to account for the influence of pesticide-specific function to crop type and application methods. On the other hand the
    dynamic models need to account for the variability in this interactions in emissions of inorganic pesticides. This lack of appropriate models to estimate emission fractions of inorganic pesticides results in a lower accuracy when accounting for emissions in agriculture, and it will influence the outcomes of the impact profile. The pesticide emission model PestLCI 2.0 is the most advanced currently available inventory model for LCA intended to provide an estimation of organic pesticide emission fractions to the environment. We use this model as starting point for quantifying emission of inorganic pesticides and
    customize it taking into account the complex chemistry of metals in order to properly reflect the their environmental fate behavior. We identified specific needs for metal-specific pesticides emission modeling looking at the current PestLCI structure and propose an approach for the different metal-related
    processes and interactions. The proposed framework takes into consideration the speciation of the metals to accurately describe the soil processes (runoff and leaching). The processes involving degradation are assumed not significant for metals and volatilization is only accounted for special cases (i.e. mercury). And finally, a new module of erosion is included in the modified PestLCI model, because the transport of soil particles to which the metals are bound needs to be considered as potential source of emissions to surface water. In conclusion, we provide a starting point to better estimate metal-specific pesticide emission fractions, addressing the issue of inorganic pesticides for inventory analysis in LCA of agricultural systems.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSetac Europe 22nd LCA Case Study Symposium
    Publication date2016
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event22nd SETAC Europe LCA Case Study Symposium - Montpellier, France
    Duration: 20 Sep 201622 Sep 2016
    Conference number: 22

    Conference

    Conference22nd SETAC Europe LCA Case Study Symposium
    Number22
    CountryFrance
    CityMontpellier
    Period20/09/201622/09/2016

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