A comprehensive model of anaerobic bioconversion of complex substrates to biogas

Irini Angelidaki, Lars Ellegaard, Birgitte Kiær Ahring

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    Abstract

    A dynamic model describing the anaerobic degradation of complex material, and codigestion of different types of wastes, was developed based on a model previously described (Angelidaki et al., 1993). in the model, the substrate is described by its composition of basic organic components, i.e., carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, the concentration of intermediates such as volatile fatty acids and long-chain fatty acids, and important inorganic components, i.e., ammonia, phosphate, cations, and anions. This allows dynamic changes of the process during a shift of substrate composition to be simulated by changing the input substrate data. The model includes 2 enzymatic hydrolytic steps, 8 bacterial steps and involves 19 chemical compounds. The model also includes a detailed description of pH and temperature characteristics. Free ammonia, acetate, volatile fatty acids, (VFA) and long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) constitute the primary modulating factors in the model. The model was rested with success in lab-scale reactors codigesting manure with glycerol trioleate or manure with gelatin. Finally, the model was validated using results from a full-scale biogas plant codigesting manure together with a proteinous wastewater and with bentonite-bound oil, which is a waste with high content of lipids. (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biotechnol Bioeng 63: 363-372, 1999.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
    Volume63
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)363-372
    ISSN0006-3592
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

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