A comparative study on the nonlinear interaction between a focusing wave and cylinder using state-of-the-art solvers: Part A

V. Sriram, Shagun Agarwal, Shiqiang Yan, Zhihua Xie, Shaswat Saincher, Torsten Schlurmann, Qingwei Ma, Thorsten Stoesser, Yuan Zhuang, Bo Han, Weiwen Zhao, Xiaotong Yang, Z. Li, Decheng Wan, Yi Zhang, Bin Teng, Dezhi Ning, Ningbo Zhang, Xing Zheng, Guochun XuJiaye Gong, Yunbo Li, Kangping Liao, Wenyang Duan, Ronggui Han, Windiman Asnim, Zana Sulaiman, Zhongbing Zhou, Jianmin Qin, Yucheng Li, Zhiwei Song, Xiaofan Lou, Lin Lu, Changfu Yuan, Yuxiang Ma, Congfang Ai, Guohai Dong, Hanbing Sun, Qiang Wang, Zhi Tao Zhai, Yan Lin Shao, Zaibin Lin, Ling Qian, Wei Bai, Zhihua Ma, Pablo Higuera, Eugeny Buldakov, Dimitris Stagonas, Santiago Martelo Lopez, Aristos Christou, Pengzhi Lin, Yanyan Li, Jinshu Lu, Sa Young Hong, Yoon Jin Ha, Kyong Hwan Kim, Seok Kyu Cho, Dong Min Park, Wojciech Laskowski, Claes Eskilsson, Mario Ricchiuto, Allan P. Engsig-Karup, Lin Cheng, Jinhai Zheng, Hanbin Gu, Guangnian Li

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper presents ISOPE’s 2020 comparative study on the interaction between focused waves and a fixed cylinder. The paper discusses the qualitative and quantitative comparisons between 20 different numerical solvers from various universities across the world for a fixed cylinder. The moving cylinder cases are reported in a companion paper as part B (Agarwal, Saincher, et al., 2021). The numerical solvers presented in this paper are the recent state of the art in the field, mostly developed in-house by various academic institutes. The majority of the participants used hybrid modeling (i.e., a combination of potential flow and Navier–Stokes solvers). The qualitative comparisons based on the wave probe and pressure probe time histories and spectral components between laminar, turbulent, and potential flow solvers are presented in this paper. Furthermore, the quantitative error analyses based on the overall relative error in peak and phase shifts in the wave probe and pressure probe of all the 20 different solvers are reported. The quantitative errors with respect to different spectral component energy levels (i.e., in primary, sub-, and superharmonic regions) capturing capability are reported. Thus, the paper discusses the maximum, minimum, and median relative errors present in recent solvers as regards application to industrial problems rather than attempting to find the best solver. Furthermore, recommendations are drawn based on the analysis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-10
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Comparative study
  • Fixed cylinder
  • Hybrid modeling
  • Moving cylinder
  • Navier–Stokes
  • Potential flow
  • Validation


Dive into the research topics of 'A comparative study on the nonlinear interaction between a focusing wave and cylinder using state-of-the-art solvers: Part A'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this