A Comparative Study of Reduced Variables Based Flash and Conventional Flash

Michael Locht Michelsen, Wei Yan, Erling Halfdan Stenby

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearch


Speeding up flash calculation is a central issue in compositional reservoir simulations since phase equilibrium calculation is the most time-consuming part in those simulations. The reduced variables methods, or the reduction methods, reformulate the original phase equilibrium problem with a smaller set of independent variables. Various versions of the reduced variables methods have been proposed since the mid 80’s. The methods were first proposed for cubic equations of state (EoS) with zero binary interaction parameters (BIPs) and later generalized to situations with non-zero BIP matrices. Most of the studies in the last decade suggest that the reduced variables methods are much more efficient than the conventional flash method. However, Haugen and Beckner questioned the advantages of the reduced variables methods in their recent paper (SPE 141399). A fair comparison between the reduced variables based flash and the conventional flash is not straightforward since the former is difficult to be formulated as unconstrained minimization and involves more complicated composition derivatives. With the
recent formulations by Nichita and Graciaa (2010), it is possible to code the reduced variables methods without extensive modifications of Michelsen’s conventional flash algorithm. A minimization based reduced variables algorithm was coded and compared with the conventional minimization based flash. A test using the SPE 3 example showed that the best reduction in time was less than 20% for the extreme situation of 25 components and just one row/column with non-zero BIPs. A better performance can actually be achieved by a simpler implementation directly using the sparsity of the BIP matrix.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2012
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event74th EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition incorporating SPE Europec 2012 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 4 Jul 20127 Jul 2012


Conference74th EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition incorporating SPE Europec 2012
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Paper SPE 154477.


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