A Comparative Analysis of the Impact-Wave Analogy Cyber-Resilience Framework

James K. Osborn, Daniel A. Sepulveda-Estay

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


A number of different Cyber-Resilience Frameworks have been proposed as a way to guide responses to cyber-attacks. The Impact-Wave Analogy (IWA) is a recently proposed framework that allows for dynamic and hierarchical cyber-resilience analysis. To advance its application, this paper explores how IWA compares to other resilience frameworks. This paper uses Structured Literature Review to identify five cyber resilience frameworks and compared these to IWA. First flexibility and adaptability of the frameworks are compared and then the frameworks are compared to one another based their parameters. The findings indicate the primary weakness of IWA to be insufficient testing and implementation as a proof of its capabilities. On the other hand findings also indicate that the IWA is adaptable, clear, and accounts for every stage in cyber resilience.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM)
Number of pages5
Publication date2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Cyber Resilience
  • Comparative Analysis


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