A combined Raman- and infrared jet study of mixed methanol–water and ethanol–water clusters

Marija Nedic, Tobias N. Wassermann, René Wugt Larsen, Martin A. Suhm

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The vibrational dynamics of vacuum-isolated hydrogen-bonded complexes between water and the two simplest alcohols is characterized at low temperatures by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy. Conformational preferences during adaptive aggregation, relative donor/acceptor strengths, weak secondary hydrogen bonding, tunneling processes in acceptor lone pair switching, and thermodynamic anomalies are elucidated. The ground state tunneling splitting of the methanol–water dimer is predicted to be larger than 2.5 cm1. Two types of alcohol–water
trimers are identified from the spectra. It is shown that methanol and ethanol are better hydrogen bond donors than water, but even more so better hydrogen bond acceptors. As a consequence, hydrogen bond induced red shifts of OH modes behave non-linearly as a function of composition and the resulting cluster excess quantities correspond nicely to bulk excess enthalpies at room temperature. The effects of weak C–H ··· O hydrogen bonds are quantified in the case of mixed ethanol–water dimers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume13
Pages (from-to)14050–14063
ISSN1463-9076
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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