A combined HRND and HREM study of degradation collapse in NH4+/H3O+ β"-alumina

John O. Thomas, Anders Eriksson, Jørgen Kjems, Amanda Petford

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    High resolution neutron diffraction (HRND) from single crystals, and high resolution electron microscopy (HREM) are combined to study the deammoniation of NH4+/H3O+ β"-alumina on heating above 200°C. HRND shows the emergence of extra reflections which cannot be indexed in terms of the original β"-alumina cell, but rather in terms of a ~20.6 Å (double spinel block) c-axis. The intensities of the extra reflections are seen to change as deammoniation proceeds. This can, in turn, be related to HREM observation of the development of distinct regions of conduction plane loss with the consequent pair-wise degradation collapse of adjacent spinel blocks. Regions can also be seen where the conduction planes appear to swell out to produce disc-like pockets, presumably containing an accumulation of evolved NH3 gas; regions of `knock-on' damage caused by protons in the conduction planes are also observed
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalSolid State Ionics, Diffusion & Reactions
    Volume18-19
    Pages (from-to)612-618
    ISSN0167-2738
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1986
    Event5th International Conference on Solid State Ionics - Lake Tahoe, CA, United States
    Duration: 18 Aug 198524 Aug 1985
    Conference number: 5

    Conference

    Conference5th International Conference on Solid State Ionics
    Number5
    CountryUnited States
    CityLake Tahoe, CA
    Period18/08/198524/08/1985

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