A Cerebellum-Inspired Learning Approach for Adaptive and Anticipatory Control

Silvia Tolu, Marie Claire Capolei, Lorenzo Vannucci, Cecilia Laschi, Egidio Falotico, Mauricio Vanegas Hernandez

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The cerebellum, which is responsible for motor control and learning, has been suggested to act as a Smith predictor for compensation of time-delays by means of internal forward models. However, insights about how forward model predictions are integrated in the Smith predictor have not yet been unveiled. To fill this gap, a novel bio-inspired modular control architecture that merges a recurrent cerebellar-like loop for adaptive control and a Smith predictor controller is proposed. The goal is to provide accurate anticipatory corrections to the generation of the motor commands in spite of sensory delays and to validate the robustness of the proposed control method to input and physical dynamic changes. The outcome of the proposed architecture with other two control schemes that do not include the Smith control strategy or the cerebellar-like corrections are compared. The results obtained on four sets of experiments confirm that the cerebellum-like circuit provides more effective corrections when only the Smith strategy is adopted and that minor tuning in the parameters, fast adaptation, and reproducible configuration are enabled
Original languageEnglish
Article number1950028
JournalInternational Journal of Neural Systems
Issue number1
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Internal forward model
  • Cerebellum
  • Motor control
  • Adaptive learning
  • Smith predictor
  • Bioinspired
  • Recurrent


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