A catalog of intermediate duration Type I X-ray bursts observed with the INTEGRAL satellite

K. Alizai*, J. Chenevez*, S. Brandt, N. Lund

*Corresponding author for this work

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We present a catalog of long duration bursts observed with the Joint European X-ray Monitor (JEM-X) and IBIS/ISGRI instruments onboard the INTEGRAL satellite. The fourteen bursts have e-folding times ranging from 55 s to ≈17 min, and are therefore classified as intermediate-duration bursts, caused by the ignition of an unusually thick helium layer. Though seven events have already been reported in literature, we have systematically re-analyzed the whole sample. We find three new photospheric radius expansion (PRE) bursts, which are not reported in the literature, allowing us to provide a new estimate of the distances to these sources. We apply the enhanced persistent emission method (also known as the fa method) on sources with detectable persistent emission prior to a burst, in order to follow the evolution of the accretion rate during the burst. Although we do not get significantly better fits, the evolution of the fa factor shows an indicative behavior, which we discuss.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)2509–2522
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • X-ray binaries
  • X-ray bursters
  • Stars: neutron
  • X-rays: bursts


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