A Ba-free sealing glass with a high CTE and excellent interface stability optimized for SOFC/SOEC stack applications

Ilaria Ritucci*, Karsten Agersted, Philipp Zielke, Anders Christian Wulff, Peyman Khajavi, Federico Smeacetto, Antonio G. Sabato, Ragnar Kiebach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

A new glass-ceramic composition containing Si, Mg, Ca, Na, Al, Zr and B is presented here as sealant for planar SOFCs/SOECs, with the aim of joining the metallic interconnect (Crofer22APU) to the solid oxide cell (YSZ electrolyte or CGO barrier layer). Characteristic temperature, thermo-mechanical properties and compositional variations are reviewed and discussed by thermal analyses and in situ XRD, in order to design and optimize the sealing profile and reduce the residual porosity. The glass after heat treatment partially devitrifies into augite and nepheline with residual glass phase of around 64.3%; after crystallization the glass-ceramic sealant has a CTE of 12.8 x 10-6 K −1 and it is compliant with the other materials typically used for stack components.. This work shows that the developed glass-ceramic can successfully join the ceramic cell with the Crofer22APU (pre-oxidized and alumina coating), proven by tests on small and large-scale samples. No signs of unwanted reactions at the glass-metal and the glass-cell interface are observed and sufficient gas tightness is achieved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Volume15
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1011-1022
ISSN1546-542X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Glass-ceramics
  • Synthesis
  • Thermal analysis

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