A 282 GHz Probe for Dynamic Nuclear Polarization

Oleksandr Rybalko, Sean Bowen, Vitaliy Zhurbenko, Jan Henrik Ardenkjær-Larsen

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    Introduction In DNP, microwave irradiation of a sample facilitates the transfer of spin polarization from electrons tonuclei. One of the way to improve the DNP enhancement is to transfer microwave power from the mm-wave source tothe sample more effectively. Several methods and techniques to efficiently transport microwave energy from the microwave source to the sample have been developed. For example, a corrugated waveguide allows to deliver mm-wave energy from external source to the probe with minimum losses1.The conventional approach at high frequencies is to irradiate the sample directly from the waveguide2,3, while at low frequencies the cavity of the probe is used as a microwave resonator4. It is important to optimize the arrangement of microwave, RF and sample handling components. In this paper a solution for the double channel microwave probe for operation at 10.1 T (13C frequency is 108 MHz, 1Hfrequency is 430 MHz, electron frequency is 282 GHz) is developed. The construction of the probe is detailed. Probe configuration The analysis of the probe structure is performed using a full-wave electromagnetic simulator (CSTMicrowave Studio 2014). Structurally, the probe consists of two sections: microwave can with RF coil; the rest of the probe consists of a waveguide, sample tube and coaxial transmission line. The probe is designed to study cylindrical samples with diameter - 9 mm, and height – 2-20 mm. An RF coil which is housed in cylindrical Macor coil form (dielectric with ε=5.64 and tangent δ is 0.0025) surrounds the sample. The RF coil has a saddle form and was madeout of two current loops run on opposite sides of a cylinder (in parallel). Material of the coil is copper wire with diameterequal to 0.7 mm. Coil dimensions are: diameter - 13 mm; height - 22.0 mm. The self resonant frequency of the coil is976 MHz. A magnetic field distribution at 108 MHz and 430 MHz was calculated for the RF coil, the results revealedgood homogeneity and intensity along x,y,z axes. Figure 1 shows the general view of the probe and cross section through the microwave container with field distribution. Operating frequency is 282 GHz to drive DNP. On the top of the model is mounted a corrugated, circular waveguide.To avoid losses and to maintainthe constraint that the RF coil surrounding the sample should not to be close to metal parts. An additional advantage of using the corrugated waveguide is that the losses and power dissipation in free space are negligible. In our construction of the probe we have optimized relevant parameters of the probe. Conclusion We have demonstrated the feasibility of the probe design for DNP applicationsat 10.1 T from the microwave and RF point of view. The performance simulations of the microwave cavity have demonstrated that the electromagnetic field is effectively concentrated at the sample location.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2015
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventHyperpolarized Magnetic Resonance: Joint 5th International DNP Symposium and COST action EuroHyperPol Final Meeting - Egmong Aan Zee, Netherlands
    Duration: 31 Aug 20154 Sept 2015


    ConferenceHyperpolarized Magnetic Resonance
    CityEgmong Aan Zee


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