2D nanomaterial for microplastic Removal: A critical review

Tushar Kanti Das, Suman Basak, Sayan Ganguly

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Innovative solutions are needed to address microplastic pollution, which is a major threat to both human and environmental health. The possibility of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials in reducing microplastic pollution is evaluated in this review. Graphene, graphene oxide, and transition metal dichalcogenides are important 2D nanomaterials for microplastic removal processes like filtration and degradation. We systematically examine their synthesis, physicochemical features, and performance characteristics. The effects of material morphology, surface chemistry, and environmental factors on removal efficiency are highlighted, along with insights into the mechanisms controlling the interactions between 2D nanomaterials and microplastics. Along with suggestions for further study, we go over the pros and cons of using microplastic removal technologies based on 2D nanomaterials. For those working to find long-term answers to the problems of microplastic pollution and the need to protect aquatic ecosystems, this review is an invaluable resource. The widespread problem of microplastic contamination and the advancement of environmental sustainability initiatives both have potential solutions that make use of the special characteristics of 2D nanomaterials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number152451
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Number of pages29
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • 2D nanomaterials
  • Microplastic pollution
  • Surface chemistry
  • Sustainability


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