2D and 3D orientation mapping in nanostructured metals: A review

Guilin Wu*, Wanquan Zhu, Qiongyao He, Zongqiang Feng, Tianlin Huang, Ling Zhang, Søren Schmidt, Andrew Godfrey, Xiaoxu Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

79 Downloads (Pure)


Nanostructured metals possess various excellent properties and offer the potential for a wide range of applications. Improvements in the properties and performance of nanostructured metal components motivate a complete characterization of the microstructures and crystallographic orientations of nanostructured metals with nanoscale spatial resolution. Two well developed orientation mapping techniques for such characterization are electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) in the scanning electron microscope and precession electron diffraction (PED) using diffraction spots in the transmission electron microscope. However, these methods can only characterize the structure in two dimensions. It is still a great challenge to characterize grains in three dimensions, i.e. from the interior of the nanostructured metals. Recently, three-dimensional orientation mapping in the transmission electron microscope (3D-OMiTEM) was developed and further improvements of this technique are introduced in this paper. Utilization of these orientation mapping techniques for structural and orientational characterizations are demonstrated by examples of surface-deformed metals with gradient nanostructures, and a sputtered gold film of nano-islands containing nanograins. The merits and challenges of each of these techniques are discussed and suggestions for further developments are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNano Materials Science
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)50-57
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China ( 2016YFB0700400 ) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51327805 , 51971045 , 51971043 and 51671039 ). SS thanks the support of the “111 Project” ( B16007 ) by the Ministry of Education and the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, China .


  • 3D-OMiTEM
  • Crystallographic orientation
  • EBSD
  • Microstructure
  • Nanostructured metals
  • PED


Dive into the research topics of '2D and 3D orientation mapping in nanostructured metals: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this