2-10 μm Mid-infrared Supercontinuum Light Sources

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

938 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Spectroscopy is the study of how light interacts with molecules, which can be used to identify various substances in for example foods and medicine, by observing which parts of the light is absorbed after interaction with the sample. Especially infrared light, more precisely the mid infrared part of the spectrum, is of interest because almost all molecules display distinct absorption fingerprints in this region. Current instrumentation however relies on thermal light sources, much like the wellknown incandescent light bulb, which has very limited brightness and limited possibilities for manipulating and using the light in different applications. This dissertation presents the past three years of my work with developing an alternative light source that has the broad spectral bandwidth of a lamp, and high power focused in a tight spot similar to a laser. Such a mid‐infrared light source can be achieved through a process known as supercontinuum generation. Supercontinuum generation is a spectacular process in which an intense single color laser line can generate new colors by propagation in a nonlinear medium, such as a glass optical fiber. The theory of supercontinuum generation is therefore presented as well as experimental and numerical results. Several different configurations of lasers and fibers are investigated, together with techniques for increasing the power, such as imprinting of anti‐reflective structures and reducing the diameter of the fiber to increase the nonlinearity and thus efficiency of the supercontinuum generation. Finally the light sources are put to the testin a series of proof‐of‐concept demonstrations, designed to benefit from the unique properties of supercontinuum light sources. It is believed that such a source can find application within for example food analysis and diagnosis of early‐stage skin cancer.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Number of pages163
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of '2-10 μm Mid-infrared Supercontinuum Light Sources'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this