137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2018Researchpeer-review

  • Author: de Barros Damgaard, Peter

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Marchi, Nina

    Universite Paris 7, France

  • Author: Rasmussen, Simon

    Metagenomics, Department of Bio and Health Informatics, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Peyrot, Michaël

    Leiden University, Netherlands

  • Author: Renaud, Gabriel

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Korneliussen, Thorfinn

    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

  • Author: Moreno-Mayar, J. Víctor

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Pedersen, Mikkel Winther

    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

  • Author: Goldberg, Amy

    Stanford University, United States

  • Author: Usmanova, Emma

    Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Baimukhanov, Nurbol

    Shejire DNA project, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Loman, Valeriy

    Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Hedeager, Lotte

    University of Oslo, Norway

  • Author: Pedersen, Anders Gorm

    Disease Intelligence and Molecular Evolution, Department of Bio and Health Informatics, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Nielsen, Kasper

    Department of Bio and Health Informatics, Technical University of Denmark

  • Author: Afanasiev, Gennady

    Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

  • Author: Akmatov, Kunbolot

    Manas University, Kyrgyzstan

  • Author: Aldashev, Almaz

    Kyrgyz National Academy of Sciences, Kyrgyzstan

  • Author: Alpaslan, Ashyk

    Manas University, Kyrgyzstan

  • Author: Baimbetov, Gabit

    Shejire DNA project, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Bazaliiskii, Vladimir I

    Irkutsk State University, Russian Federation

  • Author: Beisenov, Arman

    A. Kh. Margulan Institute of Archaeology, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Boldbaatar, Bazartseren

    Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Mongolia

  • Author: Boldgiv, Bazartseren

    National University of Mongolia, Mongolia

  • Author: Dorzhu, Choduraa

    Tuvan State University, Russian Federation

  • Author: Ellingvag, Sturla

    Explico Foundation, Norway

  • Author: Erdenebaatar, Diimaajav

    Ulaanbaatar State University, Mongolia

  • Author: Dajani, Rana

    Hashemite University, Jordan

  • Author: Dmitriev, Evgeniy

    Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Evdokimov, Valeriy

    Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Frei, Karin M.

    National Museum of Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Gromov, Andrey

    Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, Russian Federation

  • Author: Goryachev, Alexander

    Archaeological Expertise LLC, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Hakonarson, Hakon

    The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, United States

  • Author: Hegay, Tatyana

    Ministry of Public Health, Uzbekistan

  • Author: Khachatryan, Zaruhi

    Russian-Armenian University, Armenia

  • Author: Khaskhanov, Ruslan

    Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

  • Author: Kitov, Egor

    Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

  • Author: Kolbina, Alina

    Kostanay Regional Museum of Local History, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Kubatbek, Tabaldiev

    Manas University, Kyrgyzstan

  • Author: Kukushkin, Alexey

    Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Kukushkin, Igor

    Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Lau, Nina

    Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology, Germany

  • Author: Margaryan, Ashot

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Merkyte, Inga

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Mertz, Ilya V.

    S. Toraighyrov Pavlodar State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Mertz, Viktor K.

    S. Toraighyrov Pavlodar State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Mijiddorj, Enkhbayar

    Ulaanbaatar State University, Mongolia

  • Author: Moiyesev, Vyacheslav

    Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, Russian Federation

  • Author: Mukhtarova, Gulmira

    State Historical and Cultural Reserve-Museum (ISSYK), Kazakhstan

  • Author: Nurmukhanbetov, Bekmukhanbet

    State Historical and Cultural Reserve-Museum (ISSYK), Kazakhstan

  • Author: Orozbekova, Z.

    Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

  • Author: Panyushkina, Irina P.

    University of Arizona, United States

  • Author: Pieta, Karol

    Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia

  • Author: Smrčka, Václav

    Charles University, Czech Republic

  • Author: Shevnina, Irina

    Kostanay State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Logvin, Andrey

    Kostanay State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Sjögren, Karl-Göran

    University of Gothenburg, Sweden

  • Author: Štolcová, Tereza

    Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia

  • Author: Tashbaeva, Kadicha

    Kyrgyz National Academy of Sciences, Kyrgyzstan

  • Author: Tkachev, Alexander

    Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

  • Author: Tulegenov, Turaly

    State Historical and Cultural Reserve-Museum (ISSYK), Kazakhstan

  • Author: Voyakin, Dmitriy

    Archaeological Expertise LLC, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Yepiskoposyan, Levon

    Russian-Armenian University, Armenia

  • Author: Undrakhbold, Sainbileg

    National University of Mongolia, Mongolia

  • Author: Varfolomeev, Victor

    Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan

  • Author: Weber, Andrzej W

    University of Alberta, Canada

  • Author: Kradin, Nikolay

    Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

  • Author: Allentoft, Morten E.

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Orlando, Ludovic

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Nielsen, Rasmus

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Sikora, Martin

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Heyer, Evelyne

    Universite Paris 7, France

  • Author: Kristiansen, Kristian

    University of Gothenburg, Sweden

  • Author: Willerslev, Eske

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

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For thousands of years the Eurasian steppes have been a centre of human migrations and cultural change. Here we sequence the genomes of 137 ancient humans (about 1× average coverage), covering a period of 4,000 years, to understand the population history of the Eurasian steppes after the Bronze Age migrations. We find that the genetics of the Scythian groups that dominated the Eurasian steppes throughout the Iron Age were highly structured, with diverse origins comprising Late Bronze Age herders, European farmers and southern Siberian hunter-gatherers. Later, Scythians admixed with the eastern steppe nomads who formed the Xiongnu confederations, and moved westward in about the second or third century bc, forming the Hun traditions in the fourth-fifth century ad, and carrying with them plague that was basal to the Justinian plague. These nomads were further admixed with East Asian groups during several short-Term khanates in the Medieval period. These historical events transformed the Eurasian steppes from being inhabited by Indo-European speakers of largely West Eurasian ancestry to the mostly Turkic-speaking groups of the present day, who are primarily of East Asian ancestry.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNature
Volume557
Pages (from-to)369-374
ISSN0028-0836
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

ID: 151636627