Project Details


The project aims at providing the scientific, technological and policy basis required for the widespread utilization of geothermal resources in East Africa. We will provide the basis to evaluate the potential of low- and medium-temperature geothermal resources, and develop technological solutions for their use, providing sustainable and reliable energy (electricity and heating/cooling). Access to green, cheap energy will support the sustainable growth and decarbonization of the economy. Although the geothermal sector is well developed in Kenya for high-temperature sources, the utilization of low- and medium-temperature sources in the East Africa is mostly unexplored. The proposed solution for low- and medium-temperature reservoirs consists of a novel integration of multi-generation energy technologies that maximize conversion efficiencies while minimizing costs. We will explore the potential of selected reservoirs through integrated geoscientific studies, incorporating drilling, field and production data. A prototype plant at the Olkaria field (Kenya) will be constructed. A training program for geothermal professionals will be developed, providing skills on well construction, subsurface and reservoir modeling, and advanced multi-generation systems. Industry partners will provide field-knowledge, end-user cases, and practical experience at the prototype plant. The collaboration with governmental organizations through UNEP Africa Office will support the development of clear, coherent and harmonized policy and regulatory frameworks, reducing associated risks of geothermal projects and facilitating the expansion of geothermal energy in East Africa.

The project is funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark and administrated by Danida Fellowship Centre (File No. 20-06-DTU).

The partners of the project are the following:

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (KU), Denmark
Alfa Laval Copenhagen A/S, Denmark
UN Environment Programme, Africa Office, Kenya
Kenyatta University, Kenya
Dedan Kimathi University of Technology, Kenya
Kenya Electricity Generating Company PLC, Kenya
Oserian Development Co LTD, Kenya
University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Kalahari GeoEnergy LTD, Zambia
Effective start/end date01/03/202128/02/2025

Collaborative partners

  • Technical University of Denmark (lead)
  • United Nations Environment Programme (Project partner)
  • Alfa Laval AB (Project partner)
  • Dedan Kimathi University of Technology (Project partner)
  • Kenyatta University (Project partner)
  • University of Dar Es Salaam (Project partner)
  • Kenya Electricity Generating Company (Project partner)
  • Oserian Development Co Ltd. (Project partner)
  • Kalahari GeoEnergy Ltd- (Project partner)
  • University of Copenhagen (Project partner)

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action


  • Geothermal science and technology
  • low- and medium-temperature geothermal resources
  • reservoir simulation and modelling
  • power generation
  • Heating and cooling
  • direct utilization
  • multi-generation plants
  • policy framework
  • education program
  • food preservation and treatment
  • policy guideline
  • research and training


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