Towards a Hydrogen-based Society

  • Chorkendorff, Ib (Project Manager)
  • Besenbacher, Flemming (Project Participant)
  • Hammer, Bjørk (Project Participant)
  • Pedersen, Allan Scrøder (Project Participant)
  • Yde-Andersen, Steen (Project Participant)
  • Clausen, Bjerne S. (Project Participant)

Project Details

Description

Experts stipulate that the world’s oil and gas resources will be emptied in less than a hundred years. Although the coal resources are significantly larger than those of oil and gas, coal cannot substitute oil and gas without severe environmental consequences. All major industrialized countries thus carry out intensive research to find clean and sustainable energy alternatives. Hydrogen is generally accepted as a possible future replacement of fossil fuels and it will play a crucial role as a new clean energy carrier. The vision of the so-called hydrogen society is to use renewable energy sources to produce hydrogen by simply dissociating water molecules. When the energy stored in hydrogen is converted into, e.g., electricity and heat in a fuel cell, water is formed again as the only by-product in a pollution-free and sustainable process. However, the technologies needed to realize this vision still require development and significant improvement before hydrogen presents a realistic alternative to the fossil fuel based energy system. To develop new schemes and improve existing technologies to produce and store hydrogen and to convert the energy in hydrogen to electricity, fundamental as well as more applied research must be performed.
We propose the establishment of a large, interdisciplinary, inter-institutional research center with the main objective of carrying out research within the technologies associated with the hydrogen society. The center will comprise some of the most competent and internationally well-recognized research groups in Denmark within the proposed subjects. The balanced mix of fundamental research, carried out mainly by the university groups, and the more applied research, carried out by the industrial partners and groups at a national research center, ensures that all important aspects from basic science to commercialization of the hydrogen technologies are treated.
The specific objectives of the proposed project are to
- perform research and development on electrode catalysts for two different types of fuel cells
- perform research and development on hydrogen storage materials such as metal hydrides
- demonstrate small energy units based on the hydrogen technology
- evaluate the implementation and implications of the hydrogen technology in the society
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date05/03/200231/12/2006