This project includees studies of the crack testing in small and fast solidifying laser welds in austenitic stainless steel A set of methods has been applied to investigate alloy properties, including ·Application of known information to predict solidification phases from the alloy composition. ·Weld metal solidification rate measurements for prediction of phases. ·Various crack tests to assess the crack susceptibility of alloys. ·A combination of the above for selection of suitable, weldable alloys. The possibility of using these methods has been investigated and recommendations are given. From literature is h´known that the austenitic stainless steels have lowest crack susceptibility by a solidification course leaving approximately 15% rest ferrite in the weld metal. The alloys properties and the solidification rate determines the amount of ferrite and they have great influence on the crack susceptibility. Newer research has presented data to predict solidification phases and these have been incorporated in the work. From evaluation of several crack tests, the Weeter spot weld test has been chosen to form a basis for the development of a practicable method to select specific alloys for welding applications. A new test, the Groove test has been developed, which has reduced the time consumption and lightened the analysis effort considerably. The Groove test showed results in good compliance with the Weeter test.
|Effective start/end date||01/01/1995 → 31/12/2000|