SAVE-E Energy Savings: Closing the Energy Efficiency Gap

  • Jacobsen, Jørgen Henrik Klinge (Project Coordinator)
  • Henningsen, Geraldine (Project Participant)
  • Andersen, Frits Friis Møller (Project Participant)
  • Pade, Lise-Lotte (Project Participant)
  • Juul, Nina (Project Participant)
  • Pisinger, David (Project Participant)
  • Bolwig, Simon (Project Participant)
  • Petersen, Sebastian Christoph (Project Participant)
  • Trivella, Alessio (Project Participant)

    Project Details


    Plans to reduce consumption of fossil fuels and hence emissions of CO2 include substitution to renewable energy sources, increased use of electricity and considerable efficiency improvements. Numerous studies have analysed and shown the feasibility of substitution to - and integration of - renewable energy sources. However, further studies have proven the existence of the energy-efficiency gap (EEG) and experience from various support and promotion policies have revealed that the EEG is hard to overcome. On the basis of these findings the aim of this project is to identify relevant factors influencing the EEG and to derive recommendations on how to surmount the EEG. An economic engineering approach is used to identify potentials of efficiency improvements. Based on this, we conduct a comprehensive micro-economic analysis of energy-saving investment behaviour of industries and households, i.e. identifying barriers for adoption and incentive schemes to resolve them. Combining potentials, barriers and incentives, strategies for implementing targeted improvements are developed and the trade-off between efficiency improvements and supply from renewable energy sources analysed. To evaluate macro-economic effects of the investments in savings a small macroeconomic model with detailed energy specifications is developed. Using this model, effects on growth, employment and public finances from using various incentive schemes are quantified.
    The objectives of the project are to:
    • Identify and quantify technical, economic and social barriers for potential energy savings.
    • Analyse implementation strategies, evaluate incentives schemes, and find optimal trade-offs between efficiency improvements and additional renewable energy supply.
    • Evaluate macro-economic effects of efficiency improvements and alternative incentive schemes.
    • Contribute to development of methods and theory in the intersection of energy systems, behavioural economics, energy economics and stochastic programming areas.
    Effective start/end date01/01/201501/10/2019

    Collaborative partners

    • Technical University of Denmark (lead)
    • Gate 21 (Project partner)
    • Rockwool International (Project partner)
    • Simon Fraser University (Project partner)
    • University of Copenhagen (Project partner)
    • Danish Building Research Institute (Project partner)
    • Dansk Energi (Project partner)
    • Danish Energy Agency (Project partner)
    • Roskilde University (Project partner)
    • Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Project partner)

    UN Sustainable Development Goals

    In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

    • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
    • SDG 8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth
    • SDG 13 - Climate Action


    • Energy economics savings optimisation


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