In topology optimization of structures, materials and mechanisms, parametrization of geometry is often performed by a grey-scale density-like interpolation function. In this project we analyze and compare the various approaches to this concept, in the light of variational bounds on effective properties of composite materials. This allows for a derivation of simple necessary conditions for the possible realization of grey-scale via composites, leading to a physical interpretation of all feasible designs as well as the optimal design. Thus it has been shown that the so-called artificial interpolation model in many circumstances actually fall within the framework of microstructurally based models. Single material and multi-material structural design in elasticity as well as in multi-physics problems is studied.
|Effective start/end date||01/02/1999 → 31/12/2000|
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