Flexible Nordic Energy Systems

Project Details


The Flex4RES project investigates how an intensified interaction between coupled energy markets, supported by coherent regulatory frameworks, can facilitate the integration of variable renewable energy (VRE) in turn ensuring stable, sustainable and cost-efficient Nordic energy systems.
The primary objective of Flex4RES is to
Identify and assess regulatory and technical pathways towards coherent Nordic energy systems in 2050 based on strong interaction between different energy markets that ensure resilience, sustainability and efficiency.
Effective start/end date01/10/201530/09/2019


  • Flexibility
  • Renewable energy
  • Integrated energy systems
  • Energy market designs
  • Energy policy
  • regulatory framework conditions
  • Coherent Energy Systems
  • Regulatory pathways
  • Nordic countries
  • Nordic Energy Research

Research Output

Flexible Nordic Energy Systems

Skytte, K., Bergaentzlé, C., Fausto, F. & Gunkel, P. A., 2019, 120 p.

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access

Balmorel open source energy system model

Wiese, F., Bramstoft, R., Koduvere, H., Pizarro Alonso, A. R., Balyk, O., Kirkerud, J. G., Tveten, Å. G., Bolkesjø, T. F., Münster, M. & Ravn, H. V., 2018, In : Energy Strategy Reviews. 20, p. 26-34

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
588 Downloads (Pure)

Decarbonising the Finnish Transport Sector by 2050: Electricity or Biofuels?

Skytte, K. & Bramstoft Pedersen, R., 2018, The Nexus: Energy, Environment and Climate Change. Springer, p. 3-22 (Green Energy and Technology).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Open Access
156 Downloads (Pure)


Flex4RES Stakeholders event - Tallinn - Final recommendations of the project

Claire Bergaentzlé (Guest lecturer)
24 Sep 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsConference presentations


Intelligent Energi event - Moving towards a Flexible Nordic Energy System in 2050: The role of electricity grid tariffs and taxes in the smart coupling of electricity and district heating

Claire Bergaentzlé (Guest lecturer)
12 Sep 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsTalks and presentations in private or public companies and organisations

Unsealing a fossil free energy system by geographical, sector or market coupling. The case of Denmark

Klaus Skytte (Lecturer), Claire Bergaentzlé (Guest lecturer), Ole Jess Olsen (Guest lecturer)
30 May 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsConference presentations