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A diverse, complex, and poorly characterised community of microorganisms lies at the heart of the wine – an industry
worth over €220 billion globally. These microorganisms play key roles at all stages of the viniculture and vinification
processes, from helping the plants access nutrients from the soil, driving the plants’ health through protection against
pathogens, to the fermentation process that transforms the must into wine with its complex array of aromas and
flavours. Given this importance, an improved understanding of the microbial community and its interplay will have
significant effects on the wine industry. In recent years, the 'Next Generation' DNA sequencing revolution has
revolutionised many areas of biology, including microbiology, in particular through conferring the ability to characterise
microbes on the deep community scale, through both ’shotgun’ and ’deep amplicon’ sequencing approaches. To exploit
the power of such approaches for the benefit of the wine industry, we propose MICROWINE, a 15 ESR Marie Curie
Actions European Training Network. The network is constructed as a close collaboration between industry and
academic partners, around the theme of the role of the microbial community in the wine production process. Through
combining microbial metagenomic sequencing with powerful computation analyses, with metadata generated using
techniques such as metabolomics and geochemistry, we will study the action of microbes from the plant protection and
nutrition, through to wine fermentation process, using samples collected from both Europe and beyond. We will
further train the ESRs within a wide range of relevant disciplines, and maximise information transfer through multiple
host and academic-industry cosupervision and secondments. In this way, we anticipate contributing to the strength and
scientific progress of the wine industry through training of a cohort of leading, interdisciplinary and tightly
interconnected scientists at the forefront of modern microbiological, genomic, computational and related techniques.
Effective start/end date01/09/201508/04/2019

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