Project Details


The shipping industry has become more vulnerable to cyber-attacks in recent years, because of its dependence on information technology and increasingly complex networks. Cyber systems are incorporated into almost every facet of maritime operations, such as financial and human resources management, security systems, navigation (Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Automatic Identification System (AIS), Electronic Chart Display Systems (ECDIS), etc.), communications, electronic certificates, cargo tracking, pre-arrival processing and other key systems and equipment. All maritime structures (including ships and offshore facilities) as well as the connected infrastructure (e.g. offices of shipping companies, ports etc) are vulnerable. Currently, the awareness regarding cyber security aspects is either at a very low level or completely disregarded. The issue of cyber security has been brought into the attention of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), and industry associations such as BIMCO and others. As a result of this guidelines for tackling cyber security problems have been developed.
This project is aimed at providing shipping companies and regulators with a reference framework and decision support model to better cope with disruptions originating from a cyber-attack.
Effective start/end date01/09/201729/05/2020

Research Output

  • 2 Report
  • 2 Article in proceedings
  • 2 Journal article
  • 1 Paper

A structured review of cyber-resilience assessment frameworks

Sepúlveda Estay, D. A., Sahay, R., Barfod, M. B. & Jensen, C. D., 2020, (Accepted/In press) In : Future Generation Computer Systems - The International Journal of eScience. 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

An Impact-Wave Analogy for Managing Cyber Risks in Supply Chains

Guerra, P. J. G. & Sepúlveda Estay, D. A., 2019, 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM). IEEE, 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Open Access

CyberShip-IoT: A Dynamic and Adaptive SDN-Based Security Policy Enforcement Framework for Ships

Sahay, R., Meng, W., Sepúlveda Estay, D. A., Jensen, C. D. & Barfod, M. B., 2019, In : Future Generation Computer Systems. 100, p. 736-750

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • 3 Other
  • 2 Conference presentations
  • 1 Talks and presentations in private or public companies and organisations

2019 STAMP Workshop

Daniel Alberto Sepúlveda Estay (Speaker), Nancy Leveson (Speaker), John Thomas (Lecturer), Rishikesh Sahay (Speaker)
25 Mar 201929 Mar 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsConference presentations


Cyber Resilience for the Shipping Industry at NATO ARW 2019

Daniel Alberto Sepúlveda Estay (Other), Rishikesh Sahay (Speaker)
28 Jan 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsTalks and presentations in private or public companies and organisations


MSc. Thesis Co-Supervision

Daniel Alberto Sepúlveda Estay (Lecturer), Pablo Guerra (Participant)
4 Jan 201828 May 2018

Activity: Other


Press / Media

The best protection is a lean organization

Daniel Alberto Sepúlveda Estay


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media