Project Details


The project will solve the following challenges: 1) Power-to-X (PtX) producers cannot scale production of e-fuels due to an inability of proofing and ensuring carbon neutrality. 2) PtX producers cannot plan e-fuel production to take place in hours where electricity supply is fully renewable as current carbon accounting methodologies do not support hourly granularity.

The research activities include: (i) Methodological development defining a best-in-class carbon accounting framework enabling PtX producers to ensure 24/7 CFE matching and prove carbon neutrality of e-fuels produced. (ii) Data science applying vast amounts of historical and forecasted data on electricity consumption and renewable energy generation to automatically calculate historical 24/7 CFE matching performance and make forecasted 24/7 CFE matching proposals on optimal procurement strategies and electricity consumption pattern adjustments.

The project workstreams will achieve the following milestones: (A) A comprehensive review of emerging scientific literature on 24/7 CFE. The review is used as starting point to identify key requirements for a scientific 24/7 CFE accounting framework. (B) A novel scientific carbon accounting framework for scope 2 emissions based on the findings in (A) and dialogues with PtX producers, carbon accounting standard setting bodies, and other relevant stakeholders. (C) A functional tool integrating (B) in a digital, user-friendly dashboard providing emission data on 24/7 CFE performance and enabling feasible 24/7 CFE matching for PtX producers. (D) A matching algorithm enabling production of e-fuels to take place simultaneously with the production of additional electricity procured through PPAs and general grid availability of renewables.

The project will be the first step towards Reel’s long-term vision of making 24/7 CFE matching an “off-the-shelf” offering for all electricity consumers and thereby be a central contribution towards transitioning society to 100% renewable energy. The project further paves the way for other industries and sectors to adopt 24/7 CFE matching.
Short titleCarbon-Free Energy 24/7
Effective start/end date01/07/202301/07/2025

Collaborative partners

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action


  • life cycle assessment
  • scope 2
  • carbon accounting
  • carbon free energy
  • Power-to-X


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