How a fast lane may replace a congestion toll

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2011Researchpeer-review

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This paper considers a congested bottleneck. A fast lane reserves a more than proportional share of capacity to a designated group of travellers. Travellers are otherwise identical and other travellers can use the reserved capacity when it would otherwise be idle. The paper shows that such a fast lane is always Pareto improving under Nash equilibrium in arrival times at the bottleneck and inelastic demand. It can replicate the arrival schedule and queueing outcomes of a toll that optimally charges a constant toll during part of the demand peak. Within some bounds, the fast lane scheme is still welfare improving when demand is elastic.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTransportation Research. Part B: Methodological
Volume45
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)845-851
ISSN0191-2615
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Fast lane, Scheduling, Tolling, Bottleneck, Congestion
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