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The ability of a pure virus infection to induce an acute phase protein response is of interest as viral infections are normally considered to be less efficient in inducing an acute phase protein response than bacterial infections. This was studied in a bovine model for infection with bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), analysing the induction of the two most dominant bovine acute phase proteins haptoglobin and serum amyloid A (SAA). Strong and reproducible acute phase responses were detected for both proteins, peaking at around 7-8 days after inoculation of BRSV, while no response was seen in mock-inoculated control animals. The serum concentrations reached for SAA and haptoglobin during the BRSV-induced acute phase response were generally the same or higher than previously reported for bacterial infections in calves. The magnitude and the duration of the haptoglobin response was found to correlate well with the severity of clinical signs (fever) and with the extent of lung consolidation while SAA responded most rapidly to infection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume77
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)151-159
ISSN0165-2427
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 135

    Research areas

  • bovine serum amyloid A, bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection, bovine acute phase response, bovine haptoglobin
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