Within-day repeatability for absolute quantification of Lawsonia intracellularis bacteria in feces from growing pigs

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Standard

Within-day repeatability for absolute quantification of Lawsonia intracellularis bacteria in feces from growing pigs. / Pedersen, Ken Steen; Pedersen, Klaus H.; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Larsen, Lars Erik; Ståhl, Marie ; Stege, Helle; Angen, Øystein; Nielsen, Jens Peter.

In: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2012, p. 968-970.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Pedersen, Ken Steen; Pedersen, Klaus H.; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Larsen, Lars Erik; Ståhl, Marie ; Stege, Helle; Angen, Øystein; Nielsen, Jens Peter / Within-day repeatability for absolute quantification of Lawsonia intracellularis bacteria in feces from growing pigs.

In: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2012, p. 968-970.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{f400cd3fd2c14c5f918506c876336391,
title = "Within-day repeatability for absolute quantification of Lawsonia intracellularis bacteria in feces from growing pigs",
keywords = "Fecal samples, Lawsonia intracellularis, Pigs, Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Within-day variation",
publisher = "American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians",
author = "Pedersen, {Ken Steen} and Pedersen, {Klaus H.} and Hjulsager, {Charlotte Kristiane} and Larsen, {Lars Erik} and Marie Ståhl and Helle Stege and Øystein Angen and Nielsen, {Jens Peter}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1177/1040638712452111",
volume = "24",
number = "5",
pages = "968--970",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation",
issn = "1040-6387",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Within-day repeatability for absolute quantification of Lawsonia intracellularis bacteria in feces from growing pigs

A1 - Pedersen,Ken Steen

A1 - Pedersen,Klaus H.

A1 - Hjulsager,Charlotte Kristiane

A1 - Larsen,Lars Erik

A1 - Ståhl,Marie

A1 - Stege,Helle

A1 - Angen,Øystein

A1 - Nielsen,Jens Peter

AU - Pedersen,Ken Steen

AU - Pedersen,Klaus H.

AU - Hjulsager,Charlotte Kristiane

AU - Larsen,Lars Erik

AU - Ståhl,Marie

AU - Stege,Helle

AU - Angen,Øystein

AU - Nielsen,Jens Peter

PB - American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Absolute quantification of Lawsonia intracellularis by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is now possible on a routine basis. Poor repeatability of quantification can result in disease status misclassification of individual pigs when a single fecal sample is obtained. The objective of the current study was to investigate overall variation within a day for fecal numbers of L. intracellularis bacteria determined by real-time PCR in growing pigs. From each of 30 pigs with an infection of L. intracellularis, 5 fecal samples were collected within 1 day. A total of 150 fecal samples were obtained and subjected to quantitative PCR (qPCR) testing. Mean fecal dry matter content was 14.3% (standard deviation = 4.5%). Two pigs (6.7%) alternated between being L. intracellularis qPCR positive and negative. For 28 pigs, the excreting levels of L. intracellularis were within the dynamic range of the qPCR assay at all sampling points. For these 28 pigs, the mean excretion level of L. intracellularis was 6.1 log10 bacteria/g feces (standard deviation = 1.2 log10 bacteria/g feces). The maximum observed difference between 2 fecal samples from the same pig was 1.1 log10 bacteria/g feces. The average standard deviation for individual pigs was 0.27 log10 bacteria/g feces. The average coefficient of variation within pigs was 0.04, ranging from 0.006 to 0.08. The results imply that absolute quantification of L. intracellularis by qPCR has acceptable repeatability within 1 day. However, a population-specific proportion of pigs alternating between positive and negative test results must be expected.

AB - Absolute quantification of Lawsonia intracellularis by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is now possible on a routine basis. Poor repeatability of quantification can result in disease status misclassification of individual pigs when a single fecal sample is obtained. The objective of the current study was to investigate overall variation within a day for fecal numbers of L. intracellularis bacteria determined by real-time PCR in growing pigs. From each of 30 pigs with an infection of L. intracellularis, 5 fecal samples were collected within 1 day. A total of 150 fecal samples were obtained and subjected to quantitative PCR (qPCR) testing. Mean fecal dry matter content was 14.3% (standard deviation = 4.5%). Two pigs (6.7%) alternated between being L. intracellularis qPCR positive and negative. For 28 pigs, the excreting levels of L. intracellularis were within the dynamic range of the qPCR assay at all sampling points. For these 28 pigs, the mean excretion level of L. intracellularis was 6.1 log10 bacteria/g feces (standard deviation = 1.2 log10 bacteria/g feces). The maximum observed difference between 2 fecal samples from the same pig was 1.1 log10 bacteria/g feces. The average standard deviation for individual pigs was 0.27 log10 bacteria/g feces. The average coefficient of variation within pigs was 0.04, ranging from 0.006 to 0.08. The results imply that absolute quantification of L. intracellularis by qPCR has acceptable repeatability within 1 day. However, a population-specific proportion of pigs alternating between positive and negative test results must be expected.

KW - Fecal samples

KW - Lawsonia intracellularis

KW - Pigs

KW - Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction

KW - Within-day variation

U2 - 10.1177/1040638712452111

DO - 10.1177/1040638712452111

JO - Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation

JF - Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation

SN - 1040-6387

IS - 5

VL - 24

SP - 968

EP - 970

ER -