Understanding the Capacitance of PEDOT:PSS

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2017

DOI

  • Author: Volkov, Anton V.

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Wijeratne, Kosala

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Mitraka, Evangelia

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Ail, Ujwala

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Zhao, Dan

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Tybrandt, Klas

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Andreasen, Jens Wenzel

    Imaging and Structural Analysis, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Berggren, Magnus

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Crispin, Xavier

    Linköping University, Sweden

  • Author: Zozoulenko, Igor V.

    Linköping University, Sweden

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Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) is the most studied and explored mixed ion-electron conducting polymer system. PEDOT:PSS is commonly included as an electroactive conductor in various organic devices, e.g., supercapacitors, displays, transistors, and energy-converters. In spite of its long-term use as a material for storage and transport of charges, the fundamentals of its bulk capacitance remain poorly understood. Generally, charge storage in supercapacitors is due to formation of electrical double layers or redox reactions, and it is widely accepted that PEDOT:PSS belongs to the latter category. Herein, experimental evidence and theoretical modeling results are reported that significantly depart from this commonly accepted picture. By applying a two-phase, 2D modeling approach it is demonstrated that the major contribution to the capacitance of the two-phase PEDOT:PSS originates from electrical double layers formed along the interfaces between nanoscaled PEDOT-rich and PSS-rich interconnected grains that comprises two phases of the bulk of PEDOT:PSS. This new insight paves a way for designing materials and devices, based on mixed ion-electron conductors, with improved performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1700329
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume27
Issue number28
Number of pages10
ISSN1616-301X
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 0
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