## Transient Taylor-Aris dispersion for time-dependent flows in straight channels

Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2012

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**Transient Taylor-Aris dispersion for time-dependent flows in straight channels.** / Vedel, Søren; Bruus, Henrik.

Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2012

### Harvard

*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, vol 691, pp. 95-122., 10.1017/jfm.2011.444

### APA

*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*,

*691*, 95-122. 10.1017/jfm.2011.444

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### MLA

*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*. 2012, 691. 95-122. Available: 10.1017/jfm.2011.444

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### Bibtex

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### RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transient Taylor-Aris dispersion for time-dependent flows in straight channels

AU - Vedel,Søren

AU - Bruus,Henrik

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Taylor–Aris dispersion, the shear-induced enhancement of solute diffusion in the flow direction of the solvent, has been studied intensely in the past half century for the case of steady flow and single-frequency pulsating flows. Here, combining Aris’s method of moments with Dirac’s bra–ket formalism, we derive an expression for the effective solute diffusivity valid for transient Taylor–Aris dispersion in any given time-dependent, multi-frequency solvent flow through straight channels. Our theory shows that the solute dispersion may be greatly enhanced by the time-dependent parts of the flow, and it explicitly reveals how the dispersion coefficient depends on the external driving frequencies of the velocity field and the internal relaxation rates for mass and momentum diffusion. Although applicable to any type of fluid, we restrict the examples of our theory to Newtonian fluids, for which we both recover the known results for steady and single-frequency pulsating flows, and find new, richer structure of the dispersion as function of system parameters in multi-frequency systems. We show that the effective diffusivity is enhanced significantly by those parts of the time-dependent velocity field that have frequencies smaller than the fluid momentum diffusion rate and the solute diffusion rate.

AB - Taylor–Aris dispersion, the shear-induced enhancement of solute diffusion in the flow direction of the solvent, has been studied intensely in the past half century for the case of steady flow and single-frequency pulsating flows. Here, combining Aris’s method of moments with Dirac’s bra–ket formalism, we derive an expression for the effective solute diffusivity valid for transient Taylor–Aris dispersion in any given time-dependent, multi-frequency solvent flow through straight channels. Our theory shows that the solute dispersion may be greatly enhanced by the time-dependent parts of the flow, and it explicitly reveals how the dispersion coefficient depends on the external driving frequencies of the velocity field and the internal relaxation rates for mass and momentum diffusion. Although applicable to any type of fluid, we restrict the examples of our theory to Newtonian fluids, for which we both recover the known results for steady and single-frequency pulsating flows, and find new, richer structure of the dispersion as function of system parameters in multi-frequency systems. We show that the effective diffusivity is enhanced significantly by those parts of the time-dependent velocity field that have frequencies smaller than the fluid momentum diffusion rate and the solute diffusion rate.

KW - General fluid mechanics

KW - Particle/fluid flows

U2 - 10.1017/jfm.2011.444

DO - 10.1017/jfm.2011.444

M3 - Journal article

VL - 691

SP - 95

EP - 122

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

T2 - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

SN - 0022-1120

ER -