Tools for characterizing the whole‐cell bio‐oxidation of alkanes at microscale

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Tools for characterizing the whole‐cell bio‐oxidation of alkanes at microscale. / Grant, Chris; da Silva Damas Pinto, Ana Catarina; Lui, Hai‐Po; Woodley, John M.; Baganz, Frank.

In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering (Print), Vol. 109, No. 9, 2012, p. 2179-2189.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Author

Grant, Chris; da Silva Damas Pinto, Ana Catarina; Lui, Hai‐Po; Woodley, John M.; Baganz, Frank / Tools for characterizing the whole‐cell bio‐oxidation of alkanes at microscale.

In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering (Print), Vol. 109, No. 9, 2012, p. 2179-2189.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{43f23b8705e94e7487c29340b754d670,
title = "Tools for characterizing the whole‐cell bio‐oxidation of alkanes at microscale",
keywords = "Two-liquid phase, Monooxygenase, Scale down, Substrate solubility, Design of experiments, Whole cell biocatalysis",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons, Inc.",
author = "Chris Grant and {da Silva Damas Pinto}, {Ana Catarina} and Hai‐Po Lui and Woodley, {John M.} and Frank Baganz",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1002/bit.24512",
volume = "109",
number = "9",
pages = "2179--2189",
journal = "Biotechnology and Bioengineering (Print)",
issn = "0006-3592",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tools for characterizing the whole‐cell bio‐oxidation of alkanes at microscale

A1 - Grant,Chris

A1 - da Silva Damas Pinto,Ana Catarina

A1 - Lui,Hai‐Po

A1 - Woodley,John M.

A1 - Baganz,Frank

AU - Grant,Chris

AU - da Silva Damas Pinto,Ana Catarina

AU - Lui,Hai‐Po

AU - Woodley,John M.

AU - Baganz,Frank

PB - JohnWiley & Sons, Inc.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This article describes the first reported microwell whole‐cell bioconversion using a water immiscible substrate that matches the specific activity and yield achieved in a 1.2 L stirred tank bioreactor. Maximum yields of 0.6 g/Ltotal 1‐dodecanol achieved in 24 h compare favorably to 0.28 g/Ltotal 1‐dodecanol after 48 h obtained in a stirred tank reactor. Using the microwell platform we present a rapid and systematic approach to identify the key bottlenecks in the bio‐oxidation of long‐chain alkanes using Escherichia coli expressing the alkane hydroxylase (alkB) complex. The results indicate that mass transfer rates limit productivity in the n‐dodecane bio‐oxidation system, rather than inherent enzyme activity. Furthermore, substrate solubility, oxygen availability and glucose concentration act cooperatively to affect the amount of by‐product, dodecanoic acid. Optimizing these factors using response surface methodology enabled specific yields of 1‐dodecanol to increase eightfold and overoxidation to dodecanoic acid to be reduced from 95% to 55%. This resulted in specific activities of 10.4 µmol/min/gdcw on n‐dodecane; approximately 50% of the 21 µmol/min/gdcw obtained with n‐octane. For the first time, this in vivo rate difference is within the range reported for the purified enzyme. Finally, the results obtained also provide strong evidence that the mechanism of E. coli interaction with alkanes is mainly via uptake of alkanes dissolved in the aqueous phase rather than by direct cell–droplet contact.

AB - This article describes the first reported microwell whole‐cell bioconversion using a water immiscible substrate that matches the specific activity and yield achieved in a 1.2 L stirred tank bioreactor. Maximum yields of 0.6 g/Ltotal 1‐dodecanol achieved in 24 h compare favorably to 0.28 g/Ltotal 1‐dodecanol after 48 h obtained in a stirred tank reactor. Using the microwell platform we present a rapid and systematic approach to identify the key bottlenecks in the bio‐oxidation of long‐chain alkanes using Escherichia coli expressing the alkane hydroxylase (alkB) complex. The results indicate that mass transfer rates limit productivity in the n‐dodecane bio‐oxidation system, rather than inherent enzyme activity. Furthermore, substrate solubility, oxygen availability and glucose concentration act cooperatively to affect the amount of by‐product, dodecanoic acid. Optimizing these factors using response surface methodology enabled specific yields of 1‐dodecanol to increase eightfold and overoxidation to dodecanoic acid to be reduced from 95% to 55%. This resulted in specific activities of 10.4 µmol/min/gdcw on n‐dodecane; approximately 50% of the 21 µmol/min/gdcw obtained with n‐octane. For the first time, this in vivo rate difference is within the range reported for the purified enzyme. Finally, the results obtained also provide strong evidence that the mechanism of E. coli interaction with alkanes is mainly via uptake of alkanes dissolved in the aqueous phase rather than by direct cell–droplet contact.

KW - Two-liquid phase

KW - Monooxygenase

KW - Scale down

KW - Substrate solubility

KW - Design of experiments

KW - Whole cell biocatalysis

U2 - 10.1002/bit.24512

DO - 10.1002/bit.24512

JO - Biotechnology and Bioengineering (Print)

JF - Biotechnology and Bioengineering (Print)

SN - 0006-3592

IS - 9

VL - 109

SP - 2179

EP - 2189

ER -