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The use of polyurethane as encapsulating method for polymer solar cells—An inter laboratory study on outdoor stability in 8 countries. / Søndergaard, Roar; Makris, Theodoros; Lianos, Panagiotis; Manor, Assaf; Katz, Eugene A.; Gong, Wei; Tuladhar, Sachetan M.; Nelson, Jenny; Tuomi, Ralf; Sommeling, Paul; Veenstra, Sjoerd C.; Rivaton, Agnès; Dupuis, Aurélie; Teran-Escobar, Gerardo; Lira-Cantu, Monica; Sapkota, Subarna B.; Zimmermann, Birger; Würfel, Uli; Matzarakis, Andreas; Krebs, Frederik C.

In: Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, Vol. 99, 2012, p. 292-300.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Harvard

Søndergaard, R, Makris, T, Lianos, P, Manor, A, Katz, EA, Gong, W, Tuladhar, SM, Nelson, J, Tuomi, R, Sommeling, P, Veenstra, SC, Rivaton, A, Dupuis, A, Teran-Escobar, G, Lira-Cantu, M, Sapkota, SB, Zimmermann, B, Würfel, U, Matzarakis, A & Krebs, FC 2012, 'The use of polyurethane as encapsulating method for polymer solar cells—An inter laboratory study on outdoor stability in 8 countries' Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol 99, pp. 292-300., 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.12.013

APA

CBE

Søndergaard R, Makris T, Lianos P, Manor A, Katz EA, Gong W, Tuladhar SM, Nelson J, Tuomi R, Sommeling P, Veenstra SC, Rivaton A, Dupuis A, Teran-Escobar G, Lira-Cantu M, Sapkota SB, Zimmermann B, Würfel U, Matzarakis A, Krebs FC. 2012. The use of polyurethane as encapsulating method for polymer solar cells—An inter laboratory study on outdoor stability in 8 countries. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells. 99:292-300. Available from: 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.12.013

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Søndergaard, Roar; Makris, Theodoros; Lianos, Panagiotis; Manor, Assaf; Katz, Eugene A.; Gong, Wei; Tuladhar, Sachetan M.; Nelson, Jenny; Tuomi, Ralf; Sommeling, Paul; Veenstra, Sjoerd C.; Rivaton, Agnès; Dupuis, Aurélie; Teran-Escobar, Gerardo; Lira-Cantu, Monica; Sapkota, Subarna B.; Zimmermann, Birger; Würfel, Uli; Matzarakis, Andreas; Krebs, Frederik C / The use of polyurethane as encapsulating method for polymer solar cells—An inter laboratory study on outdoor stability in 8 countries.

In: Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, Vol. 99, 2012, p. 292-300.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{215e078a0cf84691929b9dfb8e63aa70,
title = "The use of polyurethane as encapsulating method for polymer solar cells—An inter laboratory study on outdoor stability in 8 countries",
keywords = "Encapsulation, Polyurethane, Organic solar cells, Outdoor stability study, Round robin, Inter laboratory study (ILS)",
publisher = "Elsevier BV North-Holland",
author = "Roar Søndergaard and Theodoros Makris and Panagiotis Lianos and Assaf Manor and Katz, {Eugene A.} and Wei Gong and Tuladhar, {Sachetan M.} and Jenny Nelson and Ralf Tuomi and Paul Sommeling and Veenstra, {Sjoerd C.} and Agnès Rivaton and Aurélie Dupuis and Gerardo Teran-Escobar and Monica Lira-Cantu and Sapkota, {Subarna B.} and Birger Zimmermann and Uli Würfel and Andreas Matzarakis and Krebs, {Frederik C}",
note = "This work was supported by: – The Danish Strategic Research Council (DSF2104-07-0022) and EUDP (64009-0050 and 64011-0002). – The European Commission as part of the Framework 7 ICT 2009 collaborative project HIFLEX (Grant agreement no. 248678), the Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI Project no.678) and by Agentschap NL within the project OZOFAB (grantno. EOSLT1002). – AM and EAK a financial support from the European Commis sion’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) under Grant Agreement no.261936. – The UK Big Lottery Fund/OPAL project for the London pyronometer data.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.solmat.2011.12.013",
volume = "99",
pages = "292--300",
journal = "Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells",
issn = "0927-0248",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The use of polyurethane as encapsulating method for polymer solar cells—An inter laboratory study on outdoor stability in 8 countries

A1 - Søndergaard,Roar

A1 - Makris,Theodoros

A1 - Lianos,Panagiotis

A1 - Manor,Assaf

A1 - Katz,Eugene A.

A1 - Gong,Wei

A1 - Tuladhar,Sachetan M.

A1 - Nelson,Jenny

A1 - Tuomi,Ralf

A1 - Sommeling,Paul

A1 - Veenstra,Sjoerd C.

A1 - Rivaton,Agnès

A1 - Dupuis,Aurélie

A1 - Teran-Escobar,Gerardo

A1 - Lira-Cantu,Monica

A1 - Sapkota,Subarna B.

A1 - Zimmermann,Birger

A1 - Würfel,Uli

A1 - Matzarakis,Andreas

A1 - Krebs,Frederik C

AU - Søndergaard,Roar

AU - Makris,Theodoros

AU - Lianos,Panagiotis

AU - Manor,Assaf

AU - Katz,Eugene A.

AU - Gong,Wei

AU - Tuladhar,Sachetan M.

AU - Nelson,Jenny

AU - Tuomi,Ralf

AU - Sommeling,Paul

AU - Veenstra,Sjoerd C.

AU - Rivaton,Agnès

AU - Dupuis,Aurélie

AU - Teran-Escobar,Gerardo

AU - Lira-Cantu,Monica

AU - Sapkota,Subarna B.

AU - Zimmermann,Birger

AU - Würfel,Uli

AU - Matzarakis,Andreas

AU - Krebs,Frederik C

PB - Elsevier BV North-Holland

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - A new encapsulation method for organic solar cells has been tested on flexible solar modules and cells embedded in polyurethane, sandwiched between a tempered glass plate and a polycarbonate plate. Panels, each containing 10 organic solar modules/cells, were fabricated and installed for outdoor exposure in eight different countries for 4½ months. In order to minimize potential deviations in procedures and equipment, one person was responsible for the fabrication, installation and initial and final IV-measurements of the panels using the same equipment for all measurements and calibrations. The encapsulated modules/cells showed significantly reduced degradation compared with previous studies, with final average efficiencies around 40% of the original after 4½ months outdoor exposure. Photodegradation was furthermore found not to be the primary source of degradation.

AB - A new encapsulation method for organic solar cells has been tested on flexible solar modules and cells embedded in polyurethane, sandwiched between a tempered glass plate and a polycarbonate plate. Panels, each containing 10 organic solar modules/cells, were fabricated and installed for outdoor exposure in eight different countries for 4½ months. In order to minimize potential deviations in procedures and equipment, one person was responsible for the fabrication, installation and initial and final IV-measurements of the panels using the same equipment for all measurements and calibrations. The encapsulated modules/cells showed significantly reduced degradation compared with previous studies, with final average efficiencies around 40% of the original after 4½ months outdoor exposure. Photodegradation was furthermore found not to be the primary source of degradation.

KW - Encapsulation

KW - Polyurethane

KW - Organic solar cells

KW - Outdoor stability study

KW - Round robin

KW - Inter laboratory study (ILS)

U2 - 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.12.013

DO - 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.12.013

JO - Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells

JF - Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells

SN - 0927-0248

VL - 99

SP - 292

EP - 300

ER -