The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Standard

The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs. / Fenberg, Phillip B.; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Claudet, Joachim; Clemence, Michaela; Gaines, Steven D.; García-Charton, Jose Antonio ; Gonçalves, Emanuel J. ; Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten ; Guidetti, Paolo ; Jenkins, Stuart R. ; Jones, Peter J.S.; Lester, Sarah E.; McAllen, Rob; Moland, Even; Planes, Serge; Sørensen, Thomas Kirk.

In: Marine Policy, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2012, p. 1012-1021.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Harvard

Fenberg, PB, Caselle, JE, Claudet, J, Clemence, M, Gaines, SD, García-Charton, JA, Gonçalves, EJ, Grorud-Colvert, K, Guidetti, P, Jenkins, SR, Jones, PJS, Lester, SE, McAllen, R, Moland, E, Planes, S & Sørensen, TK 2012, 'The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs' Marine Policy, vol 36, no. 5, pp. 1012-1021., 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021

APA

Fenberg, P. B., Caselle, J. E., Claudet, J., Clemence, M., Gaines, S. D., García-Charton, J. A., ... Sørensen, T. K. (2012). The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs. Marine Policy, 36(5), 1012-1021. 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021

CBE

Fenberg PB, Caselle JE, Claudet J, Clemence M, Gaines SD, García-Charton JA, Gonçalves EJ, Grorud-Colvert K, Guidetti P, Jenkins SR, Jones PJS, Lester SE, McAllen R, Moland E, Planes S, Sørensen TK. 2012. The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs. Marine Policy. 36(5):1012-1021. Available from: 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021

MLA

Vancouver

Fenberg PB, Caselle JE, Claudet J, Clemence M, Gaines SD, García-Charton JA et al. The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs. Marine Policy. 2012;36(5):1012-1021. Available from: 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021

Author

Fenberg, Phillip B.; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Claudet, Joachim; Clemence, Michaela; Gaines, Steven D.; García-Charton, Jose Antonio ; Gonçalves, Emanuel J. ; Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten ; Guidetti, Paolo ; Jenkins, Stuart R. ; Jones, Peter J.S.; Lester, Sarah E.; McAllen, Rob; Moland, Even; Planes, Serge; Sørensen, Thomas Kirk / The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs.

In: Marine Policy, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2012, p. 1012-1021.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{26325c316c0e41cd929b96d514c4b588,
title = "The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs",
publisher = "Pergamon",
author = "Fenberg, {Phillip B.} and Caselle, {Jennifer E.} and Joachim Claudet and Michaela Clemence and Gaines, {Steven D.} and García-Charton, {Jose Antonio} and Gonçalves, {Emanuel J.} and Kirsten Grorud-Colvert and Paolo Guidetti and Jenkins, {Stuart R.} and Jones, {Peter J.S.} and Lester, {Sarah E.} and Rob McAllen and Even Moland and Serge Planes and Sørensen, {Thomas Kirk}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021",
volume = "36",
number = "5",
pages = "1012--1021",
journal = "Marine Policy",
issn = "0308-597X",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The science of European marine reserves: Status, efficacy, and future needs

A1 - Fenberg,Phillip B.

A1 - Caselle,Jennifer E.

A1 - Claudet,Joachim

A1 - Clemence,Michaela

A1 - Gaines,Steven D.

A1 - García-Charton,Jose Antonio

A1 - Gonçalves, Emanuel J.

A1 - Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten

A1 - Guidetti, Paolo

A1 - Jenkins,Stuart R.

A1 - Jones,Peter J.S.

A1 - Lester,Sarah E.

A1 - McAllen,Rob

A1 - Moland,Even

A1 - Planes,Serge

A1 - Sørensen,Thomas Kirk

AU - Fenberg,Phillip B.

AU - Caselle,Jennifer E.

AU - Claudet,Joachim

AU - Clemence,Michaela

AU - Gaines,Steven D.

AU - García-Charton,Jose Antonio

AU - Gonçalves, Emanuel J.

AU - Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten

AU - Guidetti, Paolo

AU - Jenkins,Stuart R.

AU - Jones,Peter J.S.

AU - Lester,Sarah E.

AU - McAllen,Rob

AU - Moland,Even

AU - Planes,Serge

AU - Sørensen,Thomas Kirk

PB - Pergamon

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The ecologically and socio-economically important marine ecosystems of Europe are facing severe threats from a variety of human impacts. To mitigate and potentially reverse some of these impacts, the European Union (EU) has mandated the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in order to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) in EU waters by 2020. The primary initiative for achieving GES is the implementation of coherent networks of marine protected areas (MPAs). Marine reserves are an important type of MPA in which no extraction is allowed, but their usefulness depends upon a number of ecological, management, and political factors. This paper provides a synthesis of the ecological effects of existing Europeanmarine reserves and the factors (social and ecological) underlying their effectiveness. Results show that existing Europeanmarine reserves foster significant positive increases in key biological variables (density, biomass, body size, and species richness) compared with areas receiving less protection, a pattern mirrored by marine reserves around the globe. For marine reserves to achieve their ecological and social goals, however, they must be designed, managed, and enforced properly. In addition, identifying whether protected areas are ecologically connected as a network, as well as where new MPAs should be established according to the MSFD, requires information on the connectivity of populations across large areas. The adoption of the MSFD demonstrates willingness to achieve the long-term protection of Europe's marine ecosystems, but whether the political will (local, regional, and continent wide) is strong enough to see its mandates through remains to be seen. Although the MSFD does not explicitly require marine reserves, an important step towards the protection of Europe's marine ecosystems is the establishment of marine reserves within wider-use MPAs as connected networks across large spatial scales

AB - The ecologically and socio-economically important marine ecosystems of Europe are facing severe threats from a variety of human impacts. To mitigate and potentially reverse some of these impacts, the European Union (EU) has mandated the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in order to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) in EU waters by 2020. The primary initiative for achieving GES is the implementation of coherent networks of marine protected areas (MPAs). Marine reserves are an important type of MPA in which no extraction is allowed, but their usefulness depends upon a number of ecological, management, and political factors. This paper provides a synthesis of the ecological effects of existing Europeanmarine reserves and the factors (social and ecological) underlying their effectiveness. Results show that existing Europeanmarine reserves foster significant positive increases in key biological variables (density, biomass, body size, and species richness) compared with areas receiving less protection, a pattern mirrored by marine reserves around the globe. For marine reserves to achieve their ecological and social goals, however, they must be designed, managed, and enforced properly. In addition, identifying whether protected areas are ecologically connected as a network, as well as where new MPAs should be established according to the MSFD, requires information on the connectivity of populations across large areas. The adoption of the MSFD demonstrates willingness to achieve the long-term protection of Europe's marine ecosystems, but whether the political will (local, regional, and continent wide) is strong enough to see its mandates through remains to be seen. Although the MSFD does not explicitly require marine reserves, an important step towards the protection of Europe's marine ecosystems is the establishment of marine reserves within wider-use MPAs as connected networks across large spatial scales

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021

DO - 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021

JO - Marine Policy

JF - Marine Policy

SN - 0308-597X

IS - 5

VL - 36

SP - 1012

EP - 1021

ER -