The location of Ti containing phases after the completion of the NaAlH4+xTiCl3 milling process

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Without internal affiliation

  • Author: Pitt, M.P.

    Institute for Energy Technology, IFE, Kjeller, Norway

  • Author: Vullum, P.E.

    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway

  • Author: Sørby, M.H.

    Institute for Energy Technology, IFE, Kjeller, Norway

  • Author: Blanchard, D.

    Institute for Energy Technology, IFE, Kjeller

  • Author: Sulic, M.P.

    Department of Chemistry, University of Hawaii, United States

  • Author: Emerich, H.

    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France

  • Author: Paskevicius, M.

    Curtin University of Technology (Curtin University), Australia

  • Author: Buckley, C.E.

    Curtin University of Technology (Curtin University), Australia

  • Author: Walmsley, J.

    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway

  • Author: Holmestad, R.

    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway

  • Author: Hauback, B.C.

    Institute for Energy Technology, IFE, Kjeller, Norway

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The NaAlH4 + xTiCl3 (x < 0.1) system has been studied by X-ray synchrotron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) after the completion of the milling process, for both planetary (PM) and cryo milled (CM) samples. Comparison of the NaAlH4 mosaic size (coherence length) determined from the X-ray synchrotron diffraction lineshape, and measurement of the external powder grain dimensions of ca. 250–300 particles by TEM, reveals that after the completion of the milling process, ‹110› {111} edge dislocated 2–20 nm Al crystallites are dispersed in a Ti rich amorphous (a-)Al1−xTix (0.3 < x < 0.5) matrix. This nano Al/Al50Ti50 composite is embedded on the surface of single crystalline NaAlH4 powder grains.
The NaAlH4 single crystal powder grains are moderately defected with uncorrelated defects, induced from the milling process.
© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication date2012
Volume513
Pages597-605
ISSN0925-8388
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 9
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