The Carbon Sequestration Potential of Tree Crop Plantations

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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The Carbon Sequestration Potential of Tree Crop Plantations. / Kongsager, Rico; Napier, Jonas ; Mertz, Ole.

In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 18, No. 8, 2013, p. 1197-1213.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Kongsager, Rico; Napier, Jonas ; Mertz, Ole / The Carbon Sequestration Potential of Tree Crop Plantations.

In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 18, No. 8, 2013, p. 1197-1213.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{7e1685b972e047e68b3480afcaa7bde4,
title = "The Carbon Sequestration Potential of Tree Crop Plantations",
keywords = "Aboveground biomass, Allometric equations, Carbon estimations, Carbon sequestration, Ghana, Kade, Land-use change, Tree crop plantation",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
author = "Rico Kongsager and Jonas Napier and Ole Mertz",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1007/s11027-012-9417-z",
volume = "18",
number = "8",
pages = "1197--1213",
journal = "Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change",
issn = "1381-2386",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Carbon Sequestration Potential of Tree Crop Plantations

A1 - Kongsager,Rico

A1 - Napier,Jonas

A1 - Mertz,Ole

AU - Kongsager,Rico

AU - Napier,Jonas

AU - Mertz,Ole

PB - Springer Netherlands

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Carbon (C) conservation and sequestration in many developing countries needs to be accompanied by socio-economic improvements. Tree crop plantations can be a potential path for coupling climate change mitigation and economic development by providing C sequestration and supplying wood and non-wood products to meet domestic and international market requirements at the same time. Financial compensation for such plantations could potentially be covered by the Clean Development Mechanism under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) Kyoto Protocol, but its suitability has also been suggested for integration into REDD+(reducing emissions from deforestation, forest degradation and enhancement of forest C stocks) currently being negotiated under the United Nations FCCC. We assess the aboveground C sequestration potential of four major plantation crops – cocoa (Theobroma cacao), oil palm (Elaeis guineensis), rubber (Hevea brasiliensis), and orange (Citrus sinesis) – cultivated in the tropics. Measurements were conducted in Ghana and allometric equations were applied to estimate biomass. The largest C potential was found in the rubber plantations (214 tC/ha). Cocoa (65 tC/ha) and orange (76 tC/ha) plantations have a much lower C content, and oil palm (45 tC/ha) has the lowest C potential, assuming that the yield is not used as biofuel. There is considerable C sequestration potential in plantations if they are established on land with modest C content such as degraded forest or agricultural land, and not on land with oldgrowth forest. We also show that simple C assessment methods can give reliable results, which makes it easier for developing countries to partake in REDD+ or other payment schemes.

AB - Carbon (C) conservation and sequestration in many developing countries needs to be accompanied by socio-economic improvements. Tree crop plantations can be a potential path for coupling climate change mitigation and economic development by providing C sequestration and supplying wood and non-wood products to meet domestic and international market requirements at the same time. Financial compensation for such plantations could potentially be covered by the Clean Development Mechanism under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) Kyoto Protocol, but its suitability has also been suggested for integration into REDD+(reducing emissions from deforestation, forest degradation and enhancement of forest C stocks) currently being negotiated under the United Nations FCCC. We assess the aboveground C sequestration potential of four major plantation crops – cocoa (Theobroma cacao), oil palm (Elaeis guineensis), rubber (Hevea brasiliensis), and orange (Citrus sinesis) – cultivated in the tropics. Measurements were conducted in Ghana and allometric equations were applied to estimate biomass. The largest C potential was found in the rubber plantations (214 tC/ha). Cocoa (65 tC/ha) and orange (76 tC/ha) plantations have a much lower C content, and oil palm (45 tC/ha) has the lowest C potential, assuming that the yield is not used as biofuel. There is considerable C sequestration potential in plantations if they are established on land with modest C content such as degraded forest or agricultural land, and not on land with oldgrowth forest. We also show that simple C assessment methods can give reliable results, which makes it easier for developing countries to partake in REDD+ or other payment schemes.

KW - Aboveground biomass

KW - Allometric equations

KW - Carbon estimations

KW - Carbon sequestration

KW - Ghana

KW - Kade

KW - Land-use change

KW - Tree crop plantation

U2 - 10.1007/s11027-012-9417-z

DO - 10.1007/s11027-012-9417-z

JO - Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

JF - Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

SN - 1381-2386

IS - 8

VL - 18

SP - 1197

EP - 1213

ER -