• Author: Aubry, Thierry

    Museu do Côa, IGESPAR–IP, Instituto de Gestão do Património Arquitectónico e Arqueológico (PT)

  • Author: Dimuccio, Luca Antonio

    University of Coimbra

  • Author: Almeida, Miguel

    Dryas Octopetala/iDryas (PT)

  • Author: Buylaert, Jan-Pieter

    Radiation Physics, Radiation Research Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Fontana, Laure

    CNRS (FR)

  • Author: Higham, Thomas

    University of Oxford

  • Author: Liard, Morgane

    UMR 6042 GEOLAB, INRAP–Direction interrégionale Centre/Île-de-France (FR)

  • Author: Murray, Andrew S.

    Aarhus University

  • Author: Neves, Maria João

    Dryas Octopetala/iDryas (PT)

  • Author: Peyrouse, Jean-Baptiste

    Société d’Études et de Recherche sur le Paléolithique de la Vallée de la Claise (FR)

  • Author: Walter, Bertrand

    Société d’Études et de Recherche sur le Paléolithique de la Vallée de la Claise (FR)

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This paper presents a geoarchaeological study of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic (Châtelperronian, Aurignacian and Solutrean) occupations preserved at the Bordes-Fitte rockshelter in Central France. The lithostratigraphic sequence is composed of near-surface sedimentary facies with vertical and lateral variations, in a context dominated by run-off and gravitational sedimentary processes. Field description and micromorphological analysis permit us to reconstruct several episodes of sediment slope-wash and endokarst dynamics, with hiatuses and erosional phases. The archaeostratigraphic succession includes Châtelperronian artefacts, inter-stratified between Middle Palaeolithic and Aurignacian occupations. Systematic refitting and spatial analysis reveal that the Châtelperronian point production and flake blanks retouched into denticulates, all recovered in the same stratigraphic unit, result from distinct and successive occupations and are not a ‘transitional’ Middle to Upper Palaeolithic assemblage. The ages obtained by 14C place the Châtelperronian occupation in the 41–48 ka cal BP (calibrated thousands of years before present) interval and are consistent with the quartz optically stimulated luminescence age of 39 ± 2 ka and feldspar infra-red stimulated luminescence age of 45 ± 2 ka of the sediments. The Bordes-Fitte rockshelter sequence represents an important contribution to the debate about the characterization and timing of the Châtelperronian, as well as its affinities to earlier and later industries.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Human Evolution
Publication date2012
Volume62
Issue1
Pages116-137
ISSN0047-2484
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 5

Keywords

  • France, Radiocarbon and luminescence dating, Middle/upper Palaeolithic transition, Anatomically modern humans, Neanderthal, Archaeo–stratigraphy, Geoarchaeology
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