Statistical analysis of DNT detection using chemically functionalized microcantilever arrays

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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The need for miniaturized and sensitive sensors for explosives detection is increasing in areas such as security and demining. Micrometer sized cantilevers are often used for label-free detection, and have previously been reported to be able to detect explosives. However, only a few measurements from 1 to 2 cantilevers have been reported, without any information on repeatability and reliability of the presented data. In explosive detection high reliability is needed and thus a statistical measurement approach needs to be developed and implemented. We have developed a DVD-based read-out system capable of generating large sets of cantilever data for vapor and liquid phase detection of 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT). Gold coated cantilevers are initially functionalized with tetraTTF-calix[4]pyrrole molecules, specifically designed to bind nitro-aromatic compounds. The selective binding of DNT molecules on the chemically treated surfaces results in significant bending of the cantilevers and in a decrease of their resonant frequencies. We present averaged measurements obtained from up to 72 cantilevers being simultaneously exposed to the same sample. Compared to integrated reference cantilevers with non-selective coatings the tetraTTF-calix[4]pyrrole functionalized cantilevers reveal a uniform and reproducible behavior.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Publication date2012
Volume171-172
Pages1054-1059
ISSN0925-4005
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 5

Keywords

  • Explosives detection, Cantilever sensor, DVD-ROM, Optical read-out, Calix[4]pyrrole, Tetrathiafulvalene
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