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Solar UV-B effects on PSII performance in Betula nana are influenced by PAR level and reduced by EDU : results of a 3-year experiment in the High Arctic. / Albert, Kristian Rost; Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard; Ro-Poulsen, Helge; Arndal, Marie Frost; Boesgaard, Kristine Stove; Michelsen, Anders; Bruhn, Dan; Schmidt, Niels Martin.

In: Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 145, No. 3, 2012, p. 485-500.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Albert, Kristian Rost; Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard; Ro-Poulsen, Helge; Arndal, Marie Frost; Boesgaard, Kristine Stove; Michelsen, Anders; Bruhn, Dan; Schmidt, Niels Martin / Solar UV-B effects on PSII performance in Betula nana are influenced by PAR level and reduced by EDU : results of a 3-year experiment in the High Arctic.

In: Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 145, No. 3, 2012, p. 485-500.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{e8e9e297f9544d6496d17a6d3c716d3f,
title = "Solar UV-B effects on PSII performance in Betula nana are influenced by PAR level and reduced by EDU",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Munksgaard",
author = "Albert, {Kristian Rost} and Mikkelsen, {Teis Nørgaard} and Helge Ro-Poulsen and Arndal, {Marie Frost} and Boesgaard, {Kristine Stove} and Anders Michelsen and Dan Bruhn and Schmidt, {Niels Martin}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01596.x",
volume = "145",
number = "3",
pages = "485--500",
journal = "Physiologia Plantarum",
issn = "0031-9317",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Solar UV-B effects on PSII performance in Betula nana are influenced by PAR level and reduced by EDU

T2 - results of a 3-year experiment in the High Arctic

A1 - Albert,Kristian Rost

A1 - Mikkelsen,Teis Nørgaard

A1 - Ro-Poulsen,Helge

A1 - Arndal,Marie Frost

A1 - Boesgaard,Kristine Stove

A1 - Michelsen,Anders

A1 - Bruhn,Dan

A1 - Schmidt,Niels Martin

AU - Albert,Kristian Rost

AU - Mikkelsen,Teis Nørgaard

AU - Ro-Poulsen,Helge

AU - Arndal,Marie Frost

AU - Boesgaard,Kristine Stove

AU - Michelsen,Anders

AU - Bruhn,Dan

AU - Schmidt,Niels Martin

PB - Wiley-Blackwell Munksgaard

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - <p>The long-term and diurnal responses of photosystem II (PSII) performance to near-ambient UV-B radiation were investigated in High Arctic <em>Betula nana</em>. We conducted an UV exclusion experiment with five replicated blocks consisting of open control (no filter), photosynthetic active radiation and UV-B transparent filter control (Teflon), UV-B-absorbing filter (Mylar) and UV-AB-absorbing filter (Lexan). Ethylenediurea (EDU), a chemical normally used to protect plants against ozone injury, was sprayed on the leaves both in the field and in an additional laboratory study to investigate if EDU mitigated the effects of UV-B. Chlorophyll-a fluorescence induction curves were used for analysis of OJIP test parameters. Near-ambient UV-B radiation reduced across season maximum quantum yield (TR<sub>o </sub>/ABS = F<sub>v</sub> /F<sub>m</sub> ), approximated number of active PSII reaction center (RC/ABS) and the performance index (PI<sub>ABS</sub> ), despite improved leaf screening against UV-B with higher content of UV-B-absorbing compounds and a lower specific leaf area. EDU application counteracted the negative impact of UV-B on TR(o) /ABS, RC/ABS and PI(ABS) . This indicates that the mechanisms behind UV-B and ozone damage share some common features. The midday depression was present in all treatments, but TR(o) /ABS and PI(ABS) were persistently lower in near-ambient UV-B compared to UV-B reduction. The recovery phase was particularly impaired in near-ambient UV-B and interactive effects between treatment × hour raised TR<sub>o</sub> /ABS, RC/ABS and PI<sub>ABS</sub> higher in reduced UV-B compared to near-ambient UV-B. This demonstrates current solar UV-B to reduce the PSII performance both on a daily as well as a seasonal basis in this High Arctic species.</p>

AB - <p>The long-term and diurnal responses of photosystem II (PSII) performance to near-ambient UV-B radiation were investigated in High Arctic <em>Betula nana</em>. We conducted an UV exclusion experiment with five replicated blocks consisting of open control (no filter), photosynthetic active radiation and UV-B transparent filter control (Teflon), UV-B-absorbing filter (Mylar) and UV-AB-absorbing filter (Lexan). Ethylenediurea (EDU), a chemical normally used to protect plants against ozone injury, was sprayed on the leaves both in the field and in an additional laboratory study to investigate if EDU mitigated the effects of UV-B. Chlorophyll-a fluorescence induction curves were used for analysis of OJIP test parameters. Near-ambient UV-B radiation reduced across season maximum quantum yield (TR<sub>o </sub>/ABS = F<sub>v</sub> /F<sub>m</sub> ), approximated number of active PSII reaction center (RC/ABS) and the performance index (PI<sub>ABS</sub> ), despite improved leaf screening against UV-B with higher content of UV-B-absorbing compounds and a lower specific leaf area. EDU application counteracted the negative impact of UV-B on TR(o) /ABS, RC/ABS and PI(ABS) . This indicates that the mechanisms behind UV-B and ozone damage share some common features. The midday depression was present in all treatments, but TR(o) /ABS and PI(ABS) were persistently lower in near-ambient UV-B compared to UV-B reduction. The recovery phase was particularly impaired in near-ambient UV-B and interactive effects between treatment × hour raised TR<sub>o</sub> /ABS, RC/ABS and PI<sub>ABS</sub> higher in reduced UV-B compared to near-ambient UV-B. This demonstrates current solar UV-B to reduce the PSII performance both on a daily as well as a seasonal basis in this High Arctic species.</p>

U2 - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01596.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01596.x

JO - Physiologia Plantarum

JF - Physiologia Plantarum

SN - 0031-9317

IS - 3

VL - 145

SP - 485

EP - 500

ER -