Segmentation-DrivenTomographic Reconstruction.

Publication: ResearchPh.D. thesis – Annual report year: 2017

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The tomographic reconstruction problem is concerned with creating a model of the interior of an object from some measured data, typically projections of the object. After reconstructing an object it is often desired to segment it, either automatically or manually. For computed tomography (CT), the classical reconstruction methods suffer from their inability to handle limited and/ or corrupted data. Form any analysis tasks computationally demanding segmentation methods are used to automatically segment an object, after using a simple reconstruction method as a first step. In the literature, methods that completely combine reconstruction and segmentation have been suggested, but these are often non-convex and have very high computational demand. We propose to move the computational effort from the segmentation process to the reconstruction process, and instead design reconstruction methods such that the segmentation subsequently can be carried out by use of a simple segmentation method, for instance just a thresholding method. We tested the advantages of going from a two-stage reconstruction method to a one stage segmentation-driven reconstruction method for the phase contrast tomography reconstruction problem. The tests showed a clear improvement for realistic materials simulations and that the one-stage method was clearly more robust toward noise. The noise-robustness result could be a step toward making this method more applicable for lab-scale experiments. We have introduced a segmentation-driven reconstruction method which incorporates information about the main texture direction in an object. We proved that this method has mathematically desirable properties such as being convex and lower semicontinuous. We have also demonstrated the practical applicability of the method.

within image denoising, image deblurring and CT reconstruction. In order to use the proposed method we also proposed efficient and robust methods for estimating the main direction in either corrupted images or from limited and corrupted CTprojection data. For directional object we also proposed two different reconstruction methods that separates the directional parts in the object from the non-directional parts. These method could for example be used for objects consisting of fibres and cracks. The results can be categorized as either completely combined reconstruction and segmentation of the object, or as highly supporting for the following segmentation process. Computed tomography is used within medical diagnosis, food science, materials science,productioninspection,qualityassessment,etc. Segmentation-drivenreconstructionmethodscanhelptoimprovebothmanualandautomatedsegmentationprocesses that are used to analyze an object after the scanning. The results in this thesis are both of theoretical interest within regularization theory and directly applicable for image denoising, image deblurring and surely within tomographic reconstruction
Original languageEnglish
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark (DTU)
Number of pages136
StateSubmitted - 2017
SeriesDTU Compute PHD-2017
Volume457
ISSN0909-3192
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