Roll-to-roll coated PBI membranes for high temperature PEM fuel cells

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Roll-to-roll coated PBI membranes for high temperature PEM fuel cells. / Steenberg, Thomas; Hjuler, Hans Aage; Terkelsen, Carina; Sanchez, Maria Teresa Romero; Cleemann, Lars Nilausen; Krebs, Frederik C.

In: Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 5, 2012, p. 6076-6080.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Author

Steenberg, Thomas; Hjuler, Hans Aage; Terkelsen, Carina; Sanchez, Maria Teresa Romero; Cleemann, Lars Nilausen; Krebs, Frederik C / Roll-to-roll coated PBI membranes for high temperature PEM fuel cells.

In: Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 5, 2012, p. 6076-6080.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{6e45599d5f4d4f7ab7d82181d19f6130,
title = "Roll-to-roll coated PBI membranes for high temperature PEM fuel cells",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
author = "Thomas Steenberg and Hjuler, {Hans Aage} and Carina Terkelsen and Sanchez, {Maria Teresa Romero} and Cleemann, {Lars Nilausen} and Krebs, {Frederik C}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1039/C2EE02936G",
volume = "5",
pages = "6076--6080",
journal = "Energy & Environmental Science",
issn = "1754-5692",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Roll-to-roll coated PBI membranes for high temperature PEM fuel cells

A1 - Steenberg,Thomas

A1 - Hjuler,Hans Aage

A1 - Terkelsen,Carina

A1 - Sanchez,Maria Teresa Romero

A1 - Cleemann,Lars Nilausen

A1 - Krebs,Frederik C

AU - Steenberg,Thomas

AU - Hjuler,Hans Aage

AU - Terkelsen,Carina

AU - Sanchez,Maria Teresa Romero

AU - Cleemann,Lars Nilausen

AU - Krebs,Frederik C

PB - Royal Society of Chemistry

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - We employed roll-to-roll coating in the preparation of 40 μm thick poly[2,2′(m-phenylene)-5,5′bibenzimidazole] (PBI) films for fuel cells using both knife-coating (KC) and slot-die (SD) coating. The films were coated directly from a 9% (w/w) solution of PBI in dimethylacetamide onto a sacrificial low cost paper or plastic based carrier substrate and dried using a hot air oven with a length of 1 m at 140 °C. A web width of 305 mm, a working width of 250 mm and a web speed of 0.2 m min−1 were explored to ensure efficient drying of the thick wet film. A large air flow was found to efficiently avoid skinning. Films were prepared by a single coating step and by two subsequent coating steps in order to explore whether two coating steps gave films with fewer defects. A significant development towards upscaling the PEM fuel cell technology was that the PBI membrane was coated onto a sacrificial carrier substrate allowing for easy recoating on top of the firstly prepared film. It was thus possible to prepare free-standing films by a simple coating procedure followed by delamination from the carrier substrate post-film formation and drying. We finally carried out systematic membrane characterization with respect to solubility, phosphoric acid doping and fuel cell performance. Our results showed that the PBI membranes prepared in this work have identical properties compared to traditionally cast membranes while enabling an increase of a factor of 100 in manufacturing speed.<br/><br/><br/><br/>

AB - We employed roll-to-roll coating in the preparation of 40 μm thick poly[2,2′(m-phenylene)-5,5′bibenzimidazole] (PBI) films for fuel cells using both knife-coating (KC) and slot-die (SD) coating. The films were coated directly from a 9% (w/w) solution of PBI in dimethylacetamide onto a sacrificial low cost paper or plastic based carrier substrate and dried using a hot air oven with a length of 1 m at 140 °C. A web width of 305 mm, a working width of 250 mm and a web speed of 0.2 m min−1 were explored to ensure efficient drying of the thick wet film. A large air flow was found to efficiently avoid skinning. Films were prepared by a single coating step and by two subsequent coating steps in order to explore whether two coating steps gave films with fewer defects. A significant development towards upscaling the PEM fuel cell technology was that the PBI membrane was coated onto a sacrificial carrier substrate allowing for easy recoating on top of the firstly prepared film. It was thus possible to prepare free-standing films by a simple coating procedure followed by delamination from the carrier substrate post-film formation and drying. We finally carried out systematic membrane characterization with respect to solubility, phosphoric acid doping and fuel cell performance. Our results showed that the PBI membranes prepared in this work have identical properties compared to traditionally cast membranes while enabling an increase of a factor of 100 in manufacturing speed.<br/><br/><br/><br/>

U2 - 10.1039/C2EE02936G

DO - 10.1039/C2EE02936G

JO - Energy & Environmental Science

JF - Energy & Environmental Science

SN - 1754-5692

VL - 5

SP - 6076

EP - 6080

ER -