Renewable energy policies in Europe: Converging or diverging?

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Renewable energy policies in Europe: Converging or diverging?. / Kitzing, Lena; Mitchell, Catherine; Morthorst, Poul Erik.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 51, 2012, p. 192-201.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Author

Kitzing, Lena; Mitchell, Catherine; Morthorst, Poul Erik / Renewable energy policies in Europe: Converging or diverging?.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 51, 2012, p. 192-201.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{b50e711b42794e439d1b044c738981b5,
title = "Renewable energy policies in Europe: Converging or diverging?",
keywords = "Renewable energy policy, Harmonisation, Europe",
publisher = "Pergamon",
author = "Lena Kitzing and Catherine Mitchell and Morthorst, {Poul Erik}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.enpol.2012.08.064",
volume = "51",
pages = "192--201",
journal = "Energy Policy",
issn = "0301-4215",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Renewable energy policies in Europe: Converging or diverging?

A1 - Kitzing,Lena

A1 - Mitchell,Catherine

A1 - Morthorst,Poul Erik

AU - Kitzing,Lena

AU - Mitchell,Catherine

AU - Morthorst,Poul Erik

PB - Pergamon

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Nations today are urgently challenged with achieving a significant increase in the deployment of renewable energies. In Europe that need has given rise to a debate about the most effective and efficient support strategy. Whilst the different interests debate whether full European harmonisation or strengthening of national support policies for electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) is the best way forward, individual national support schemes are rapidly evolving. This study investigates how the EU member states have applied support policy types over the last decade. By identifying predominant developments in the application of feed-in tariffs, premiums, tradeable green certificates, tax incentives, investment grants, and financing support for specific technologies (wind, biomass, PV), this study shows that Europe is currently experiencing certain tendencies towards a ‘bottom-up’ convergence of how national policy-makers design RES-E policy supports. While some outliers remain, the policy supports of most countries become more similar in the policy types applied (dominance of feed-in tariffs) and in their scope of implementation (differentiation for installation sizes and ‘stacking’ of multiple instruments). These trends in national decision-making, which show tendencies of convergence, could make an EU-driven ‘top-down’ harmonisation of support either dispensable or at least (depending on the agreement) less controversial.

AB - Nations today are urgently challenged with achieving a significant increase in the deployment of renewable energies. In Europe that need has given rise to a debate about the most effective and efficient support strategy. Whilst the different interests debate whether full European harmonisation or strengthening of national support policies for electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) is the best way forward, individual national support schemes are rapidly evolving. This study investigates how the EU member states have applied support policy types over the last decade. By identifying predominant developments in the application of feed-in tariffs, premiums, tradeable green certificates, tax incentives, investment grants, and financing support for specific technologies (wind, biomass, PV), this study shows that Europe is currently experiencing certain tendencies towards a ‘bottom-up’ convergence of how national policy-makers design RES-E policy supports. While some outliers remain, the policy supports of most countries become more similar in the policy types applied (dominance of feed-in tariffs) and in their scope of implementation (differentiation for installation sizes and ‘stacking’ of multiple instruments). These trends in national decision-making, which show tendencies of convergence, could make an EU-driven ‘top-down’ harmonisation of support either dispensable or at least (depending on the agreement) less controversial.

KW - Renewable energy policy

KW - Harmonisation

KW - Europe

U2 - 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.08.064

DO - 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.08.064

JO - Energy Policy

JF - Energy Policy

SN - 0301-4215

VL - 51

SP - 192

EP - 201

ER -