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@article{20709a7f584c4c61a0433786aa79d497,
title = "Rapid isolation of plutonium in environmental solid samples using sequential injection anion exchange chromatography followed by detection with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry",
keywords = "Radiation research and nuclear technologies, Radio ecology and tracers, Strålingsforskning og nukleare teknologier, Radioøkologi og sporstoffer",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Jixin Qiao and Xiaolin Hou and Per Roos and Manuel Miró",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.aca.2010.10.029",
volume = "685",
number = "2",
pages = "111--119",
journal = "Analytica Chimica Acta",
issn = "0003-2670",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rapid isolation of plutonium in environmental solid samples using sequential injection anion exchange chromatography followed by detection with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

A1 - Qiao,Jixin

A1 - Hou,Xiaolin

A1 - Roos,Per

A1 - Miró,Manuel

AU - Qiao,Jixin

AU - Hou,Xiaolin

AU - Roos,Per

AU - Miró,Manuel

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - This paper reports an automated analytical method for rapid determination of plutonium isotopes (239Pu and 240Pu) in environmental solid extracts. Anion exchange chromatographic columns were incorporated in a sequential injection (SI) system to undertake the automated separation of plutonium from matrix and interfering elements. The analytical results most distinctly demonstrated that the crosslinkage of the anion exchanger is a key parameter controlling the separation efficiency. AG 1-×4 type resin was selected as the most suitable sorbent material for analyte separation. Investigation of column size effect upon the separation efficiency revealed that small-sized (2 mL) columns sufficed to handle up to 50 g of environmental soil samples. Under the optimum conditions, chemical yields of plutonium exceeded 90% and the decontamination factors for uranium, thorium and lead ranged from 103 to 104. The determination of plutonium isotopes in three standard/certified reference materials (IAEA-375 soil, IAEA-135 sediment and NIST-4359 seaweed) and two reference samples (Irish Sea sediment and Danish soil) revealed a good agreement with reference/certified values. The SI column-separation method is straightforward and less labor intensive as compared with batch-wise anion exchange chromatographic procedures. Besides, the automated method features low consumption of ion-exchanger and reagents for column washing and elution, with the consequent decrease in the generation of acidic waste, thus bearing green chemical credentials.

AB - This paper reports an automated analytical method for rapid determination of plutonium isotopes (239Pu and 240Pu) in environmental solid extracts. Anion exchange chromatographic columns were incorporated in a sequential injection (SI) system to undertake the automated separation of plutonium from matrix and interfering elements. The analytical results most distinctly demonstrated that the crosslinkage of the anion exchanger is a key parameter controlling the separation efficiency. AG 1-×4 type resin was selected as the most suitable sorbent material for analyte separation. Investigation of column size effect upon the separation efficiency revealed that small-sized (2 mL) columns sufficed to handle up to 50 g of environmental soil samples. Under the optimum conditions, chemical yields of plutonium exceeded 90% and the decontamination factors for uranium, thorium and lead ranged from 103 to 104. The determination of plutonium isotopes in three standard/certified reference materials (IAEA-375 soil, IAEA-135 sediment and NIST-4359 seaweed) and two reference samples (Irish Sea sediment and Danish soil) revealed a good agreement with reference/certified values. The SI column-separation method is straightforward and less labor intensive as compared with batch-wise anion exchange chromatographic procedures. Besides, the automated method features low consumption of ion-exchanger and reagents for column washing and elution, with the consequent decrease in the generation of acidic waste, thus bearing green chemical credentials.

KW - Radiation research and nuclear technologies

KW - Radio ecology and tracers

KW - Strålingsforskning og nukleare teknologier

KW - Radioøkologi og sporstoffer

U2 - 10.1016/j.aca.2010.10.029

DO - 10.1016/j.aca.2010.10.029

JO - Analytica Chimica Acta

JF - Analytica Chimica Acta

SN - 0003-2670

IS - 2

VL - 685

SP - 111

EP - 119

ER -