Production of fumonisins B2 and B4 in Tolypocladium species

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Tolypocladium inflatum is known primarily for its production of the cyclosporines that are used as an immunosuppressive drug. However, we report here the production of the carcinogenic fumonisins B2 and B4 by this biotechnologically relevant fungal genus. These mycotoxins were detected in 11 strains tested from three species: Tolypocladium inflatum, T. cylindrosporum, and T. geodes. Production of fumonisins by Fusarium spp. and Aspergillus niger is highly medium- and temperature-dependent, so the effect of these parameters on fumonisin production by three T. inflatum strains was studied. Maximum production was achieved on media with high sugar content incubated at 25–30°C. Since these results demonstrate that fumonisin production could be widespread within the genus Tolypocladium, the potential contamination of commercial cyclosporine preparations with fumonisins needs to be investigated.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1329-1335
StatePublished - 2011
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 12


  • Elaphocordyceps subsessilis, Cyclosporin, Mycotoxin, Fumonisin, Tolypocladium inflatum
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ID: 5760162