Process simulation of CO2 capture with aqueous ammonia using the Extended UNIQUAC model

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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@article{c18ed2fff5d948509ce235ae1cf8eec1,
title = "Process simulation of CO2 capture with aqueous ammonia using the Extended UNIQUAC model",
keywords = "Carbon dioxide, Aqueous ammonia, Process simulation, CO2, NH3, Carbon dioxide capture, Chilled Ammonia Process, Extended UNIQUAC, Aspen Plus®",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd.",
author = "Darde, {Victor Camille Alfred} and Bjørn Maribo-Mogensen and {van Well}, {Willy J.M.} and Stenby, {Erling Halfdan} and Kaj Thomsen",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.05.017",
volume = "10",
pages = "74--87",
journal = "International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control",
issn = "1750-5836",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Process simulation of CO<sub>2</sub> capture with aqueous ammonia using the Extended UNIQUAC model

A1 - Darde,Victor Camille Alfred

A1 - Maribo-Mogensen,Bjørn

A1 - van Well,Willy J.M.

A1 - Stenby,Erling Halfdan

A1 - Thomsen,Kaj

AU - Darde,Victor Camille Alfred

AU - Maribo-Mogensen,Bjørn

AU - van Well,Willy J.M.

AU - Stenby,Erling Halfdan

AU - Thomsen,Kaj

PB - Elsevier Ltd.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - <p>The use of aqueous ammonia is a promising option to capture carbon dioxide from power plants thanks to the potential low heat requirement during the carbon dioxide desorption compared to monoethanolamine (MEA) based process. The patented Chilled Ammonia Process developed by Alstom absorbs carbon dioxide at low temperature (2–10°C). The low temperature limits the vaporization of ammonia in the absorber and entails precipitation of ammonium carbonate compounds, thereby allowing high loadings of CO<sub>2</sub>. The process has thereby good perspectives. However, a scientific understanding and evaluation of the process is necessary.In this work, the performance of the carbon dioxide capture process using aqueous ammonia has been analyzed by process simulation. The Extended UNIQUAC thermodynamic model available for the CO<sub>2</sub>–NH<sub>3</sub>–H<sub>2</sub>O system has been implemented in the commercial simulator Aspen Plus®1 by using a newly developed user model interface (Maribo-Mogensen et al., submitted for publication). It allows for making equilibrium calculations using the advanced thermodynamic model together with the features of the commercial simulator. The present work deals with the results from the process simulation study. Two process configurations have been tested and a thorough sensitivity analysis of the main process parameters has been performed in order to analyze their effects on the heat and electricity requirement. This work confirms the high potential of the process. The heat requirement is found to be in the same range as the values reported recently for advanced amine processes. Assuming that cold cooling water is available, the electricity consumption remains limited. Hence the Chilled Ammonia Process is a promising option for post combustion carbon dioxide capture.</p>

AB - <p>The use of aqueous ammonia is a promising option to capture carbon dioxide from power plants thanks to the potential low heat requirement during the carbon dioxide desorption compared to monoethanolamine (MEA) based process. The patented Chilled Ammonia Process developed by Alstom absorbs carbon dioxide at low temperature (2–10°C). The low temperature limits the vaporization of ammonia in the absorber and entails precipitation of ammonium carbonate compounds, thereby allowing high loadings of CO<sub>2</sub>. The process has thereby good perspectives. However, a scientific understanding and evaluation of the process is necessary.In this work, the performance of the carbon dioxide capture process using aqueous ammonia has been analyzed by process simulation. The Extended UNIQUAC thermodynamic model available for the CO<sub>2</sub>–NH<sub>3</sub>–H<sub>2</sub>O system has been implemented in the commercial simulator Aspen Plus®1 by using a newly developed user model interface (Maribo-Mogensen et al., submitted for publication). It allows for making equilibrium calculations using the advanced thermodynamic model together with the features of the commercial simulator. The present work deals with the results from the process simulation study. Two process configurations have been tested and a thorough sensitivity analysis of the main process parameters has been performed in order to analyze their effects on the heat and electricity requirement. This work confirms the high potential of the process. The heat requirement is found to be in the same range as the values reported recently for advanced amine processes. Assuming that cold cooling water is available, the electricity consumption remains limited. Hence the Chilled Ammonia Process is a promising option for post combustion carbon dioxide capture.</p>

KW - Carbon dioxide

KW - Aqueous ammonia

KW - Process simulation

KW - CO2

KW - NH3

KW - Carbon dioxide capture

KW - Chilled Ammonia Process

KW - Extended UNIQUAC

KW - Aspen Plus®

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.05.017

DO - 10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.05.017

JO - International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

JF - International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

SN - 1750-5836

VL - 10

SP - 74

EP - 87

ER -