Prior Information in Inverse Boundary Problems

Publication: ResearchPh.D. thesis – Annual report year: 2016

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This thesis gives a threefold perspective on the inverse problem of inclusion detection in electrical impedance tomography: depth dependence, monotonicitybased reconstruction, and sparsity-based reconstruction.

The depth dependence is given in terms of explicit bounds on the datum norm, which shows the change in distinguishability of inclusions (support of an inhomogeneity) as they are placed closer towards the measurement boundary. This is done by determining eigenvalue bounds for differences of pseudodifferential operators on the boundary of the domain. Ultimately, the bounds serves as insight into how much noise that can be allowed in the datum before an inclusion cannot be detected.

The monotonicity method is a direct reconstruction method that utilizes a monotonicity property of the forward problem in order to characterize the inclusions. Here we rigorously prove that the method can be regularized against noise with a uniform regularization parameter, and that the method can be generalized to discrete electrode models. We give examples in 2D and 3D with noisy simulated data as well as real measurements, and give a comparison of reconstructions based on a non-linear and a linear formulation of the method.

Sparsity-based reconstruction is an iterative method, that through an optimization problem with a sparsity prior, approximates the inhomogeneities. Here we make use of prior information, that can cheaply be obtained from the monotonicity method, to improve both the contrast and resolution of the reconstruction. Numerical examples are given in both 2D and 3D for partial data using noisy simulated data as well as real measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark (DTU)
Number of pages56
StatePublished - 2016
SeriesDTU Compute PHD-2016
Number409
ISSN0909-3192
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