Standard

Potential Role of Specific Antibodies as Important Vaccine Induced Protective Mechanism against Aeromonas salmonicida in Rainbow Trout.. / Rømer Villumsen, Kasper; Dalsgaard, Inger; Holten-Andersen, Lars; Raida, Martin Kristian.

In: P L o S One, Vol. 7, No. 10, 2012, p. e46733.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Rømer Villumsen, Kasper; Dalsgaard, Inger; Holten-Andersen, Lars; Raida, Martin Kristian / Potential Role of Specific Antibodies as Important Vaccine Induced Protective Mechanism against Aeromonas salmonicida in Rainbow Trout..

In: P L o S One, Vol. 7, No. 10, 2012, p. e46733.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{bbd38be0c1274c77ae2b86f0895628d0,
title = "Potential Role of Specific Antibodies as Important Vaccine Induced Protective Mechanism against Aeromonas salmonicida in Rainbow Trout.",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
author = "{Rømer Villumsen}, Kasper and Inger Dalsgaard and Lars Holten-Andersen and Raida, {Martin Kristian}",
note = "This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This study was partially funded by the Danish Agency for Science Technology and Innovation (www.en.fi.dk), grant numbers 274-07-0354 & 11-105095, as well as by a PhD-stipend from the University of Copenhagen (www.ku.dk). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0046733",
volume = "7",
number = "10",
pages = "e46733",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Potential Role of Specific Antibodies as Important Vaccine Induced Protective Mechanism against Aeromonas salmonicida in Rainbow Trout.

A1 - Rømer Villumsen,Kasper

A1 - Dalsgaard,Inger

A1 - Holten-Andersen,Lars

A1 - Raida,Martin Kristian

AU - Rømer Villumsen,Kasper

AU - Dalsgaard,Inger

AU - Holten-Andersen,Lars

AU - Raida,Martin Kristian

PB - Public Library of Science

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Furunculosis caused by infection with Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida has been a known threat to aquaculture for more than a century. Efficient prophylactic approaches against this disease are essential for continued growth of salmonid aquaculture. Since the introduction of successful oil-adjuvanted vaccines in the early 1990's, a number of studies have been published on the protective as well as adverse effects of these vaccines. Most studies focus on vaccination of salmon (Salmo salar). However, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) are also very susceptible to infection and are vaccinated accordingly. In this study we have examined the protection against infection with a Danish strain of A. salmonicida in both vaccinated and non-vaccinated rainbow trout. A commercial and an experimental auto-vaccine were tested. The protective effects of the vaccines were evaluated through an A. salmonicida challenge 18 weeks post vaccination. Both vaccines resulted in a significantly increased survival in the vaccinated fish during a 28 day challenge period relative to non-vaccinated fish (P = 0.01 and P = 0.001 for the commercial and experimental vaccine, respectively). Throughout the entire experiment, the presence of specific antibodies in plasma was monitored using ELISA. A significant increase in specific antibody levels was seen in fish vaccinated with both vaccines during the 18 weeks between vaccination and challenge. Within 3 days post challenge, a significant decrease in specific antibodies occurred in vaccinated fish. A positive correlation was found between mean levels of specific antibodies pre challenge and overall survival. This correlation, along with the observed depletion of antibodies during the initial phase of infection, suggests that specific antibodies play an essential role in vaccine mediated protection against A. salmonicida in rainbow trout.

AB - Furunculosis caused by infection with Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida has been a known threat to aquaculture for more than a century. Efficient prophylactic approaches against this disease are essential for continued growth of salmonid aquaculture. Since the introduction of successful oil-adjuvanted vaccines in the early 1990's, a number of studies have been published on the protective as well as adverse effects of these vaccines. Most studies focus on vaccination of salmon (Salmo salar). However, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) are also very susceptible to infection and are vaccinated accordingly. In this study we have examined the protection against infection with a Danish strain of A. salmonicida in both vaccinated and non-vaccinated rainbow trout. A commercial and an experimental auto-vaccine were tested. The protective effects of the vaccines were evaluated through an A. salmonicida challenge 18 weeks post vaccination. Both vaccines resulted in a significantly increased survival in the vaccinated fish during a 28 day challenge period relative to non-vaccinated fish (P = 0.01 and P = 0.001 for the commercial and experimental vaccine, respectively). Throughout the entire experiment, the presence of specific antibodies in plasma was monitored using ELISA. A significant increase in specific antibody levels was seen in fish vaccinated with both vaccines during the 18 weeks between vaccination and challenge. Within 3 days post challenge, a significant decrease in specific antibodies occurred in vaccinated fish. A positive correlation was found between mean levels of specific antibodies pre challenge and overall survival. This correlation, along with the observed depletion of antibodies during the initial phase of infection, suggests that specific antibodies play an essential role in vaccine mediated protection against A. salmonicida in rainbow trout.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0046733

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0046733

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 10

VL - 7

SP - e46733

ER -