Phytoplankton composition and biomass across the southern Indian Ocean

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Phytoplankton composition and biomass across the southern Indian Ocean. / Schlüter, Louise; Henriksen, Peter; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik.

In: Deep-Sea Research. Part 1: Oceanographic Research Papers, Vol. 58, No. 5, 2011, p. 546-556.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Schlüter, Louise; Henriksen, Peter; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik / Phytoplankton composition and biomass across the southern Indian Ocean.

In: Deep-Sea Research. Part 1: Oceanographic Research Papers, Vol. 58, No. 5, 2011, p. 546-556.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{829a8419979941b09fabd914e91d9a58,
title = "Phytoplankton composition and biomass across the southern Indian Ocean",
keywords = "HPLC, Indian Ocean, CHEMTAX, Pigments, Phytoplankton, Galathea 3",
publisher = "Pergamon",
author = "Louise Schlüter and Peter Henriksen and Nielsen, {Torkel Gissel} and Jakobsen, {Hans Henrik}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.dsr.2011.02.007",
volume = "58",
number = "5",
pages = "546--556",
journal = "Deep-Sea Research. Part 1: Oceanographic Research Papers",
issn = "0967-0637",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phytoplankton composition and biomass across the southern Indian Ocean

A1 - Schlüter,Louise

A1 - Henriksen,Peter

A1 - Nielsen,Torkel Gissel

A1 - Jakobsen,Hans Henrik

AU - Schlüter,Louise

AU - Henriksen,Peter

AU - Nielsen,Torkel Gissel

AU - Jakobsen,Hans Henrik

PB - Pergamon

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Phytoplankton composition and biomass was investigated across the southern Indian Ocean. Phytoplankton composition was determined from pigment analysis with subsequent calculations of group contributions to total chlorophyll a (Chl a) using CHEMTAX and, in addition, by examination in the microscope. The different plankton communities detected reflected the different water masses along a transect from Cape Town, South Africa, to Broome, Australia. The first station was influenced by the Agulhas Current with a very deep mixed surface layer. Based on pigment analysis this station was dominated by haptophytes, pelagophytes, cyanobacteria, and prasinophytes. Sub-Antarctic waters of the Southern Ocean were encountered at the next station, where new nutrients were intruded to the surface layer and the total Chl a concentration reached high concentrations of 1.7 μg Chl a L−1 with increased proportions of diatoms and dinoflagellates. The third station was also influenced by Southern Ocean waters, but located in a transition area on the boundary to subtropical water. Prochlorophytes appeared in the samples and Chl a was low, i.e., 0.3 μg L−1 in the surface with prevalence of haptophytes, pelagophytes, and cyanobacteria. The next two stations were located in the subtropical gyre with little mixing and general oligotrophic conditions where prochlorophytes, haptophytes and pelagophytes dominated. The last two stations were located in tropical waters influenced by down-welling of the Leeuwin Current and particularly prochlorophytes dominated at these two stations, but also pelagophytes, haptophytes and cyanobacteria were abundant. Haptophytes Type 6 (sensu Zapata et al., 2004), most likely Emiliania huxleyi, and pelagophytes were the dominating eucaryotes in the southern Indian Ocean. Prochlorophytes dominated in the subtrophic and oligotrophic eastern Indian Ocean where Chl a was low, i.e., 0.043–0.086 μg total Chl a L−1 in the surface, and up to 0.4 μg Chl a L−1 at deep Chl a maximum. From the pigment analyses it was found that the dinoflagellates of unknown trophy enumerated in the microscope at the oligotrophic stations were possibly heterotrophic or mixotrophic. Presence of zeaxanthin containing heterotrophic bacteria may have increased the abundance of cyanobacteria determined by CHEMTAX.

AB - Phytoplankton composition and biomass was investigated across the southern Indian Ocean. Phytoplankton composition was determined from pigment analysis with subsequent calculations of group contributions to total chlorophyll a (Chl a) using CHEMTAX and, in addition, by examination in the microscope. The different plankton communities detected reflected the different water masses along a transect from Cape Town, South Africa, to Broome, Australia. The first station was influenced by the Agulhas Current with a very deep mixed surface layer. Based on pigment analysis this station was dominated by haptophytes, pelagophytes, cyanobacteria, and prasinophytes. Sub-Antarctic waters of the Southern Ocean were encountered at the next station, where new nutrients were intruded to the surface layer and the total Chl a concentration reached high concentrations of 1.7 μg Chl a L−1 with increased proportions of diatoms and dinoflagellates. The third station was also influenced by Southern Ocean waters, but located in a transition area on the boundary to subtropical water. Prochlorophytes appeared in the samples and Chl a was low, i.e., 0.3 μg L−1 in the surface with prevalence of haptophytes, pelagophytes, and cyanobacteria. The next two stations were located in the subtropical gyre with little mixing and general oligotrophic conditions where prochlorophytes, haptophytes and pelagophytes dominated. The last two stations were located in tropical waters influenced by down-welling of the Leeuwin Current and particularly prochlorophytes dominated at these two stations, but also pelagophytes, haptophytes and cyanobacteria were abundant. Haptophytes Type 6 (sensu Zapata et al., 2004), most likely Emiliania huxleyi, and pelagophytes were the dominating eucaryotes in the southern Indian Ocean. Prochlorophytes dominated in the subtrophic and oligotrophic eastern Indian Ocean where Chl a was low, i.e., 0.043–0.086 μg total Chl a L−1 in the surface, and up to 0.4 μg Chl a L−1 at deep Chl a maximum. From the pigment analyses it was found that the dinoflagellates of unknown trophy enumerated in the microscope at the oligotrophic stations were possibly heterotrophic or mixotrophic. Presence of zeaxanthin containing heterotrophic bacteria may have increased the abundance of cyanobacteria determined by CHEMTAX.

KW - HPLC

KW - Indian Ocean

KW - CHEMTAX

KW - Pigments

KW - Phytoplankton

KW - Galathea 3

U2 - 10.1016/j.dsr.2011.02.007

DO - 10.1016/j.dsr.2011.02.007

JO - Deep-Sea Research. Part 1: Oceanographic Research Papers

JF - Deep-Sea Research. Part 1: Oceanographic Research Papers

SN - 0967-0637

IS - 5

VL - 58

SP - 546

EP - 556

ER -