Photonic nanowires for quantum optics

Publication: Research - peer-reviewConference abstract for conference – Annual report year: 2012


View graph of relations

Photonic nanowires (PWs) are simple dielectric structures for which a very efficient and broadband spontaneous emission (SE) control has been predicted [1]. Recently, a single photon source featuring a record high efficiency was demonstrated using this geometry [2]. Using time-resolved micro-photoluminescence, we investigate directly the SE of single InAs quantum dots (QDs) embedded in GaAs PWs and demonstrate performances that fully confirm the theoretical predictions [3]. In addition, we discuss recent results obtained on elliptical wires that ensure an efficient control of the photon polarization [4].
We first consider cylindrical PWs, defined within a top-down fabrication process. For diameters leading to the optimal confinement of the fundamental guided mode HE11 (d/lambda~0.25, lambda~950nm), the coupling to HE11 (2-time polarization degenerated) dominates the SE process and a maximum enhancement of the SE rate by a factor of 1.5 is reached. When the diameter is decreased by 100nm, the guided mode is completely deconfined. The coupling to this mode vanishes, thus allowing the coupling to the other radiation modes to be probed [3]. In these conditions, a SE inhibition factor of 16, equivalent to the one obtained in state-of-the-art 2D photonic crystals, is measured.
Moreover, a PW featuring an elliptical section provides a very efficient control over the polarization of the emitted photon. In that case, only one guided mode, with a linear polarization oriented along the major axis, is confined in the semiconductor. Polarization-resolved experiments show that the coupling to this single mode can exceed 95% for optimum structures [4]. These results confirm the high potential of PWs for the realization of efficient sources of quantum light.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2012
StatePublished - 2012
Event7th International Conference on Quantum Dots, QD 2012 - Santa Fe, NM, United States


Conference7th International Conference on Quantum Dots, QD 2012
CountryUnited States
CitySanta Fe, NM
Internet address
Download as:
Download as PDF
Select render style:
Download as HTML
Select render style:
Download as Word
Select render style:

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 8018649