Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2012
Two thermodynamic models capable of describing dissociation pressures of mixed gas clathrate hydrates formed from ternary mixtures of CO2, N2 and liquid water, are presented. Both of the models utilize the Cubic-Plus-Association (CPA) equation of state (EOS) for the thermodynamic description of the non-solid phases (vapor and liquid). The solid hydrate phase is described by the van der Waals–Platteeuw model as presented by Parrish and Prausnitz. An algorithm for combining the CPA EOS with the van der Waals–Platteeuw model in a calculation of hydrate dissociation pressure is presented.Two models are described in this work. They differ in their method for describing the Langmuir adsorption coefficients in the van der Waals–Platteeuw model. These models are named Model I and Model II. Model I utilizes a statistical thermodynamics approach based on Lennard-Jones–Devonshire theory, using the spherical core Kihara cell potential. Model II uses a two-parameter explicit expression for the Langmuir adsorption coefficient, based on Langmuir adsorption theory. With two hydrate formers, four parameters in the Kihara cell potentials are fitted for Model I. Sixteen parameters are required to be fitted for Model II. The two model parameter sets are fitted to pure hydrate dissociation pressures and mixed hydrate dissociation pressures found in literature. In the fitting process, vapor phases with initial mole fractions of CO2 below 0.15 are assumed to form structure II hydrates, while structure I hydrates are assumed to form from vapor phases with initial mole fractions of CO2 at or above 0.15.The two models are validated against mixed hydrate equilibrium data found in literature. Both dissociation pressures and hydrate compositions are considered in the validation process.With the fitted parameters, Model I predicts a hydrate structure transition from structure II hydrates at vapor phase mole fractions of CO2 below 0.12 to 0.16 (depending on temperature) to structure I hydrates at mole fractions of CO2 above this concentration range. The exact transition concentration is shown to increase with increasing temperature. Model II predicts structure I hydrates to be stable in concentrations down to vapor phase mole fractions of CO2 in the order of 0.001 to 0.02, depending on temperature. Model II predicts the transition concentration to decrease with increasing temperature.Since there is disparity amongst the different literature data for this system, it was not possible to determine unequivocally, which of the two models perform better.
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- Thermodynamics, CO2 capture, Gas hydrates, CPA, Carbon dioxide, van der Waals–Platteeuw, Modeling