Optimization of use of waste in the future energy system

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Optimization of use of waste in the future energy system. / Münster, Marie; Meibom, Peter.

In: Energy, Vol. 36, No. 3, 2011, p. 1612-1622.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Author

Münster, Marie; Meibom, Peter / Optimization of use of waste in the future energy system.

In: Energy, Vol. 36, No. 3, 2011, p. 1612-1622.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{d25da7541e5d4a5ab11f64f60517eba0,
title = "Optimization of use of waste in the future energy system",
keywords = "Intelligent energy systems, Intelligente Energisystemer",
publisher = "Pergamon",
author = "Marie Münster and Peter Meibom",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2010.12.070",
volume = "36",
number = "3",
pages = "1612--1622",
journal = "Energy",
issn = "0360-5442",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimization of use of waste in the future energy system

A1 - Münster,Marie

A1 - Meibom,Peter

AU - Münster,Marie

AU - Meibom,Peter

PB - Pergamon

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Alternative uses of waste for energy production become increasingly interesting when considered from two perspectives, that of waste management and the energy system perspective. This paper presents the results of an enquiry into the use of waste in a future energy system. The analysis was performed using the energy system analysis model, Balmorel. The study is focused on Germany and the Nordic countries and demonstrates the optimization of both investments and production within the energy systems. The results present cost optimization excluding taxation concerning the use of waste for energy production in Denmark in a 2025 scenario with 48% renewable energy. Investments in a range of waste conversion technologies are facilitated, including waste incineration, co-combustion with coal, anaerobic digestion, and gasification. The most economically feasible solutions are found to be incineration of mixed waste, anaerobic digestion of organic waste, and gasification of part of the potential RDF (refuse derived fuel) for CHP (combined heat and power) production, while the remaining part is co-combusted with coal. Co-combustion mainly takes place in new coal-fired power plants, allowing investments to increase in comparison with a situation where only investments in waste incineration are allowed.

AB - Alternative uses of waste for energy production become increasingly interesting when considered from two perspectives, that of waste management and the energy system perspective. This paper presents the results of an enquiry into the use of waste in a future energy system. The analysis was performed using the energy system analysis model, Balmorel. The study is focused on Germany and the Nordic countries and demonstrates the optimization of both investments and production within the energy systems. The results present cost optimization excluding taxation concerning the use of waste for energy production in Denmark in a 2025 scenario with 48% renewable energy. Investments in a range of waste conversion technologies are facilitated, including waste incineration, co-combustion with coal, anaerobic digestion, and gasification. The most economically feasible solutions are found to be incineration of mixed waste, anaerobic digestion of organic waste, and gasification of part of the potential RDF (refuse derived fuel) for CHP (combined heat and power) production, while the remaining part is co-combusted with coal. Co-combustion mainly takes place in new coal-fired power plants, allowing investments to increase in comparison with a situation where only investments in waste incineration are allowed.

KW - Intelligent energy systems

KW - Intelligente Energisystemer

U2 - 10.1016/j.energy.2010.12.070

DO - 10.1016/j.energy.2010.12.070

JO - Energy

JF - Energy

SN - 0360-5442

IS - 3

VL - 36

SP - 1612

EP - 1622

ER -